Catalyzes the conversion of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D) to 1-alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D) plays an important role in normal bone growth, calcium metabolism, and tissue differentiation. Defects in CYP27B1 are the cause of rickets vitamin D- dependent type 1A (VDDR1A); also known as pseudovitamin D deficiency rickets (PDDR). A disorder caused by a selective deficiency of the active form of vitamin D (1,25- dihydroxyvitamin D3) and resulting in defective bone mineralization and clinical features of rickets. Belongs to the cytochrome P450 family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Molecular Function: calcidiol 1-monooxygenase activity; heme binding; iron ion binding
Biological Process: bone mineralization; calcium ion homeostasis; calcium ion transport; decidualization; negative regulation of cell growth; negative regulation of cell proliferation; positive regulation of keratinocyte differentiation; regulation of bone mineralization; response to estrogen; response to lipopolysaccharide; response to vitamin D; vitamin D catabolic process; vitamin D metabolic process; vitamin metabolic process