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CDK5 a protein kinase of the CDK family. Unlike other members of this family, it is not activated by cyclins but by p35 (CDK5R1) and p39. An important regulator of neuronal positioning during brain development. May also play a role in synaptogenesis and neurotransmission. Substrates include TAU, MAP2, NF-H and -M, Nudel, PDE6, beta-catenin, amphyphysin, dynamin I, synapsin 1, Munc-18, and NMDA receptor 2A. Plays a role in myogenesis, haematopoietic cell differentiation, spermatogenesis, insulin secretion, and lens differentiation. Implicated in the pathology of neurofibrillary tangles and formation of senile plaques, hallmarks of Alzheimer?s disease. Induces tau phosphorylation and aggregation and neurofibrillary tangle deposition and neurodegeneration in in vitro and in vivo animal models. Brain samples from Alzeimer?s pateints show elevated CDK5 activity. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: CDK family; CDK/CDK5 subfamily; CDK5 subfamily; CMGC group; Cell cycle regulation; EC; Kinase, protein; Protein kinase, CMGC; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor)
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 7q36.1
Cellular Component: axon; cell junction; cell soma; cytoplasm; cytosol; dendrite; growth cone; membrane; neuromuscular junction; nucleoplasm; nucleus; plasma membrane; postsynaptic density
Molecular Function: acetylcholine receptor activator activity; cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity; ErbB-2 class receptor binding; ErbB-3 class receptor binding; kinase activity; protein binding; protein kinase activity; protein serine/threonine kinase activity; tau-protein kinase activity
Biological Process: axon extension; cell proliferation; negative regulation of proteolysis; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; neurite development; neuron apoptosis; neuron differentiation; neuron migration; oligodendrocyte differentiation; peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; phosphorylation; positive regulation of neuron apoptosis; regulation of apoptosis; regulation of macroautophagy; regulation of synaptic plasticity; synaptic transmission; synaptic vesicle endocytosis; synaptic vesicle exocytosis; synaptogenesis
Disease: Lissencephaly 7 With Cerebellar Hypoplasia
Reference #:  Q00535 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: CDK5; Cell division protein kinase 5; Cyclin-dependent kinase 5; protein kinase CDK5 splicing; PSSALRE; Serine/threonine-protein kinase PSSALRE; Tau protein kinase II catalytic subunit; TPKII catalytic subunit
Gene Symbols: CDK5
Molecular weight: 33,304 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 7.57  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Alzheimer's Disease  |  Parkinson's Disease
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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