Involved in the activation cascade of caspases responsible for apoptosis execution. At the onset of apoptosis it proteolytically cleaves poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) at a '216-Asp-|-Gly-217' bond. Cleaves and activates sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) between the basic helix-loop- helix leucine zipper domain and the membrane attachment domain. Cleaves and activates caspase-6, -7 and -9. Involved in the cleavage of huntingtin. Triggers cell adhesion in sympathetic neurons through RET cleavage. Heterotetramer that consists of two anti-parallel arranged heterodimers, each one formed by a 17 kDa (p17) and a 12 kDa (p12) subunit. Interacts with BIRC6/bruce. Highly expressed in lung, spleen, heart, liver and kidney. Moderate levels in brain and skeletal muscle, and low in testis. Also found in many cell lines, highest expression in cells of the immune system. Inhibited by isatin sulfonamides. Belongs to the peptidase C14A family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Apoptosis; EC 126.96.36.199; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Protease
Molecular Function: aspartic-type endopeptidase activity; caspase activator activity; cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase inhibitor activity; cysteine-type endopeptidase activity; death receptor binding; peptidase activity; phospholipase A2 activator activity; protease binding; protein binding; protein complex binding
Biological Process: activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process; activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process by cytochrome c; apoptosis; apoptotic DNA fragmentation; B cell homeostasis; cell fate commitment; cellular response to DNA damage stimulus; erythrocyte differentiation; heart development; hippocampus development; intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to osmotic stress; keratinocyte differentiation; learning and/or memory; negative regulation of activated T cell proliferation; negative regulation of apoptosis; negative regulation of B cell proliferation; negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity; nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway; neuron apoptosis; neuron differentiation; platelet formation; positive regulation of neuron apoptotic process; protein processing; proteolysis; regulation of macroautophagy; response to amino acid; response to antibiotic; response to cobalt ion; response to drug; response to estradiol; response to glucocorticoid stimulus; response to glucose stimulus; response to hydrogen peroxide; response to hypoxia; response to lipopolysaccharide; response to nicotine; response to UV; response to X-ray; sensory perception of sound; T cell homeostasis; wound healing