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DJ-1 associated with autosomal recessive early onset parkinsonism. Involved in the oxidative stress response. Three cysteines in DJ-1 may be oxidized to cysteine sulphonic acid in the cellular response to H2O2. Loss of DJ-1 function may lead to neurodegeneration. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC 3.4.-.-; Nuclear receptor co-regulator; Transcription regulation; Tumor suppressor
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 1p36.23
Cellular Component: axon; cell-cell adherens junction; chromatin; cytoplasm; cytosol; mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I; mitochondrion; nucleus; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; PML body
Molecular Function: androgen receptor binding; cadherin binding; copper ion binding; cytokine binding; double-stranded DNA binding; enzyme binding; identical protein binding; kinase binding; mercury ion binding; mRNA binding; oxidoreductase activity, acting on peroxide as acceptor; peptidase activity; protein binding; protein homodimerization activity; receptor binding; single-stranded DNA binding; superoxide dismutase copper chaperone activity; transcription coactivator activity; transcription factor binding
Biological Process: activation of protein kinase B; detoxification of copper ion; detoxification of mercury ion; glycolate biosynthetic process; hydrogen peroxide metabolic process; lactate biosynthetic process; methylglyoxal metabolic process; mitochondrion organization and biogenesis; negative regulation of apoptosis; negative regulation of neuron apoptosis; negative regulation of proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; negative regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; negative regulation of protein binding; negative regulation of protein export from nucleus; negative regulation of protein kinase activity; negative regulation of protein sumoylation; negative regulation of protein ubiquitination; negative regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity; positive regulation of acute inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus; positive regulation of interleukin-8 production; positive regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase activity; positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade; positive regulation of transcription factor activity; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; protein deglycosylation; protein stabilization; Ras protein signal transduction; regulation of inflammatory response; regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential; regulation of neuron apoptosis; regulation of TRAIL receptor biosynthetic process
Disease: Parkinson Disease 7, Autosomal Recessive Early-onset
Reference #:  Q99497 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: DJ-1; DJ1; FLJ27376; FLJ34360; FLJ92274; Oncogene DJ1; PARK7; Parkinson disease (autosomal recessive, early onset) 7; Parkinson disease protein 7; Protein DJ-1
Gene Symbols: PARK7
Molecular weight: 19,891 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 6.33  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Parkinson's Disease
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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