Serine/threonine kinase that acts as an essential activator of the Wnt signaling pathway. Recruited to promoters of Wnt target genes and required to activate their expression. May act by phosphorylating TCF4/TCF7L2. Appears to act upstream of the JUN N-terminal pathway. May play a role in the response to environmental stress. Part of a signaling complex composed of NEDD4, RAP2A and TNIK which regulates neuronal dendrite extension and arborization during development. More generally, it may play a role in cytoskeletal rearrangements and regulate cell spreading. Phosphorylates SMAD1 on Thr-322. Interacts (via the CNH domain) with RAP2A (GTP-bound form preferentially); the interaction is direct and required for the activation of TNIK by RAP2A. Interacts with NEDD4; recruits RAP2A to NEDD4. Interacts with TRAF2 and NCK. Interacts with TCF7L2/TCF4 and CTNNB1; the interaction is direct. Interacts with TANC1. Expressed ubiquitously. Highest levels observed in heart, brain and skeletal muscle. Expressed in normal colonic epithelia and colorectal cancer tissues. Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. STE Ser/Thr protein kinase family. STE20 subfamily. 8 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC 126.96.36.199; Kinase, protein; MSN subfamily; Protein kinase, STE; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); STE group; STE20 family
Molecular Function: MAP kinase kinase kinase kinase activity; protein binding; protein kinase activity; protein serine/threonine kinase activity
Biological Process: actin cytoskeleton reorganization; activation of JNKK activity; cytoskeleton organization and biogenesis; microvillus biogenesis; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; protein amino acid autophosphorylation; protein amino acid phosphorylation; regulation of apoptosis; regulation of dendrite morphogenesis; regulation of mitotic cell cycle