Converts guanine to guanosine monophosphate, and hypoxanthine to inosine monophosphate. Transfers the 5- phosphoribosyl group from 5-phosphoribosylpyrophosphate onto the purine. Plays a central role in the generation of purine nucleotides through the purine salvage pathway. Defects in HPRT1 are the cause of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS). LNS is characterized by complete lack of enzymatic activity that results in hyperuricemia, choreoathetosis, mental retardation, and compulsive self-mutilation. Defects in HPRT1 are the cause of gout HPRT-related (GOUT-HPRT); also known as HPRT-related gout or Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome. Gout is characterized by partial enzyme activity and hyperuricemia. Belongs to the purine/pyrimidine phosphoribosyltransferase family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Cell development/differentiation; EC 220.127.116.11; Nucleotide Metabolism - purine; Transferase; Xenobiotic Metabolism - drug metabolism - other enzymes