Transporter that appears to play an indispensable role in the selective transport of the dietary cholesterol in and out of the enterocytes and in the selective sterol excretion by the liver into bile. Defects in ABCG5 are a cause of sitosterolemia (STSL); also known as phytosterolemia or shellfish sterolemia. It is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by increased intestinal absorption of all sterols including cholesterol, plant and shellfish sterols, and decreased biliary excretion of dietary sterols into bile. Sitosterolemia patients have hypercholesterolemia, very high levels of plant sterols in the plasma, and frequently develop tendon and tuberous xanthomas, accelerated atherosclerosis and premature coronary artery disease. Belongs to the ABC transporter superfamily. ABCG family. Eye pigment precursor importer (TC 3.A.1.204) subfamily. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Membrane protein, multi-pass; Transporter; Transporter, ABC family
Molecular Function: ATP binding; ATPase activity; ATPase activity, coupled to transmembrane movement of substances; cholesterol transporter activity; protein binding; protein heterodimerization activity
Biological Process: cholesterol efflux; cholesterol homeostasis; drug transmembrane transport; excretion; intestinal cholesterol absorption; negative regulation of cholesterol absorption; response to ionizing radiation; response to nutrient; transmembrane transport