Has a role in maintaining calcium homeostasis. Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent 24-hydroxylation of calcidiol (25- hydroxyvitamin D(3)) and calcitriol (1-alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)). The enzyme can perform up to 6 rounds of hydroxylation of calcitriol leading to calcitroic acid. It also shows 23- hydroxylating activity leading to 1-alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone as end product. Defects in CYP24A1 are the cause of hypercalcemia infantile (HCAI). HCAI is a disorder characterized by abnormally high level of calcium in the blood, failure to thrive, vomiting, dehydration, and nephrocalcinosis. Belongs to the cytochrome P450 family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC 220.127.116.11; Mitochondrial; Oxidoreductase