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PPAR-gamma a transcription factor, member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. Receptor for hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Preferentially expressed in adipocytes as well as in vascular smooth muscle cells and macrophage. Regulator of adipogenesis and lipid metabolism, modulates insulin sensitivity, cell proliferation and inflammation. Phosphorylated and inhibited by MAP kinase. Heterodimerizes with the retinoid X receptor. Interacts with NCOA6 coactivator, leading to a strong increase in transcription of target genes. Two splice-variant isoforms have been described. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: DNA-binding; Nuclear receptor
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 3p25.2
Cellular Component: cytosol; intracellular membrane-bound organelle; nucleoplasm; nucleus; protein complex
Molecular Function: alpha-actinin binding; arachidonic acid binding; chromatin binding; DBD domain binding; DNA binding; double-stranded DNA binding; drug binding; enzyme binding; identical protein binding; LBD domain binding; ligand-dependent nuclear receptor activity; ligand-dependent nuclear receptor transcription coactivator activity; peptide binding; prostaglandin receptor activity; protein binding; protein C-terminus binding; protein heterodimerization activity; protein self-association; retinoid X receptor binding; sequence-specific DNA binding; transcription activator binding; transcription factor activity; transcription factor binding; zinc ion binding
Biological Process: caspase activation; cell fate commitment; cell maturation; cellular response to insulin stimulus; epithelial cell differentiation; glucose homeostasis; innate immune response; lipid homeostasis; lipid metabolic process; lipoprotein transport; long-chain fatty acid transport; low-density lipoprotein receptor biosynthetic process; monocyte differentiation; negative regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; placenta development; positive regulation of DNA binding; positive regulation of fat cell differentiation; positive regulation of transcription factor activity; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; regulation of blood pressure; regulation of circadian rhythm; response to lipid; response to low density lipoprotein stimulus; response to nutrient; response to retinoic acid; signal transduction; transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter; white fat cell differentiation
Disease: Carotid Intimal Medial Thickness 1; Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-dependent; Lipodystrophy, Familial Partial, Type 3; Obesity
Reference #:  P37231 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: CIMT1; GLM1; NR1C3; Nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group C member 3; peroxisome proliferative activated receptor gamma; Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma; peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma 1; PPAR gamma; PPAR-gamma; PPARG; PPARG1; PPARG2; PPARgamma
Gene Symbols: PPARG
Molecular weight: 57,620 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.61  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Growth And Differentiation Control by MAPKs  |  mTOR Signaling
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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