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Caveolin-1 May act as a scaffolding protein within caveolar membranes. Interacts directly with G-protein alpha subunits and can functionally regulate their activity. Involved in the costimulatory signal essential for T-cell receptor (TCR)- mediated T-cell activation. Its binding to DPP4 induces T-cell proliferation and NF-kappa-B activation in a T-cell receptor/CD3- dependent manner. Recruits CTNNB1 to caveolar membranes and may regulate CTNNB1-mediated signaling through the Wnt pathway. Homooligomer. Interacts with GLIPR2, NOSTRIN, SNAP25 and syntaxin. Interacts with rotavirus A NSP4. Interacts (via the N- terminus) with DPP4; the interaction is direct. Interacts with CTNNB1, CDH1 and JUP. Interacts with BMX and BTK. Expressed in muscle and lung, less so in liver, brain and kidney. Belongs to the caveolin family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative initiation. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Adaptor/scaffold; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Nuclear receptor co-regulator
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 7q31.2
Cellular Component: caveola; cytoplasmic vesicle; early endosome membrane; endoplasmic reticulum; endoplasmic reticulum membrane; endosome; focal adhesion; Golgi membrane; intracellular; lipid particle; lipid raft; membrane; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; plasma membrane; protein complex
Molecular Function: ATPase binding; cholesterol binding; enzyme binding; identical protein binding; nitric-oxide synthase binding; protease activator activity; protein binding; protein complex scaffold; protein kinase binding; Rac GTPase binding; receptor binding; structural molecule activity
Biological Process: calcium ion homeostasis; calcium ion transport; cellular calcium ion homeostasis; cholesterol homeostasis; cholesterol transport; cytosolic calcium ion homeostasis; inactivation of MAPK activity; leukocyte migration; maintenance of cellular protein localization; mammary gland development; mammary gland involution; membrane depolarization; negative regulation of endothelial cell proliferation; negative regulation of epithelial cell differentiation; negative regulation of JAK-STAT cascade; negative regulation of MAPKKK cascade; negative regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process; negative regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; negative regulation of pinocytosis; negative regulation of protein binding; negative regulation of protein ubiquitination; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; negative regulation of transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway; nitric oxide homeostasis; positive regulation of catalytic activity; positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; positive regulation of protein binding; positive regulation of protein ubiquitination; positive regulation of toll-like receptor 3 signaling pathway; positive regulation of vasoconstriction; protein homooligomerization; protein localization; receptor internalization; receptor mediated endocytosis of virus by host; regulation of blood coagulation; regulation of fatty acid metabolic process; regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activity; regulation of peptidase activity; regulation of smooth muscle contraction; response to bacterium; response to calcium ion; response to estrogen stimulus; response to hypoxia; response to progesterone stimulus; sequestering of lipid; skeletal muscle development; T cell costimulation; triacylglycerol metabolic process; vasculogenesis; vesicle organization and biogenesis
Disease: Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized, Type 3; Partial Lipodystrophy, Congenital Cataracts, And Neurodegeneration Syndrome; Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 3
Reference #:  Q03135 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: BSCL3; CAV; CAV1; caveolin 1, caveolae protein, 22kDa; Caveolin-1; cell growth-inhibiting protein 32; CGL3; MSTP085; VIP21
Gene Symbols: CAV1
Molecular weight: 20,472 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.64  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Adherens Junction Dynamics  |  ErbB/HER Signaling  |  Insulin Receptor Signaling
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Protein Structure Not Found.

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