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RALA Multifuntional GTPase involved in a variety of cellular processes including gene expression, cell migration, cell proliferation, oncogenic transformation and membrane trafficking. Accomplishes its multiple functions by interacting with distinct downstream effectors. Acts as a GTP sensor for GTP-dependent exocytosis of dense core vesicles. Plays a role in the early stages of cytokinesis and is required to tether the exocyst to the cytokinetic furrow. The RALA-exocyst complex regulates integrin- dependent membrane raft exocytosis and growth signaling. Key regulator of LPAR1 signaling and competes with ADRBK1 for binding to LPAR1 thus affecting the signaling properties of the receptor. Required for anchorage-independent proliferation of transformed cells. Interacts with RALBP1 via its effector domain. Interacts with EXOC8 and EXOC2. EXOC2 and EXOC8 have overlapping binding sites and compete for RALA binding. Interacts with Clostridium exoenzyme C3. Interacts with RALGPS1. Interacts with LPAR1 and LPAR2. Interacts with ADRBK1 in response to LPAR1 activation. RALA and ADRBK1 mutually inhibit each other's binding to LPAR1. Activated in an LPA-dependent manner by LPAR1 and in an LPA-independent manner by LPAR2. Alternate between an inactive form bound to GDP and an active form bound to GTP. Activated by a guanine nucleotide-exchange factor (GEF) and inactivated by a GTPase- activating protein (GAP). Belongs to the small GTPase superfamily. Ras family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: G protein; G protein, monomeric; G protein, monomeric, Ras; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 7p14.1
Cellular Component: cell surface; cleavage furrow; cytoplasmic vesicle membrane; endocytic vesicle; focal adhesion; plasma membrane
Molecular Function: ATPase binding; Edg-2 lysophosphatidic acid receptor binding; GDP binding; GTP binding; myosin binding; protein binding; ubiquitin protein ligase binding
Biological Process: actin cytoskeleton reorganization; chemotaxis; cytokinesis; lipid raft localization; positive regulation of filopodium formation; regulation of exocytosis; signal transduction
Reference #:  P11233 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: MGC48949; RAL; RALA; Ras family small GTP binding protein RALA; ras related v-ral simian leukemia viral oncogene homolog A; RAS-like protein A; Ras-related protein Ral-A; v-ral simian leukemia viral oncogene homolog A (ras related)
Gene Symbols: RALA
Molecular weight: 23,567 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 6.66  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Adherens Junction Dynamics
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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