a TKL kinase of the IRAK family. Involved in Toll/IL-1 signaling. One of two putative serine/threonine kinases that become associated with the interleukin-1 receptor following IL-1 engagement, triggering intracellular signaling cascades leading to transcriptional up-regulation and mRNA stabilization. Extensively phosphorylated after its association with IL1-R-1. Polyubiquitinated; after cell stimulation with IL-1-beta. Polyubiquitination occurs with polyubiquitin chains linked through 'Lys-63'. Partially responsible for IL1-induced upregulation of the transcription factor NF-kappa B. Three isoforms of the human protein and produced by alternative splicing. Isoform 1 binds rapidly but is then degraded allowing isoform 2 to mediate a slower, more sustained response to the cytokine. Isoform 2 is inactive suggesting that the kinase activity of this enzyme is not required for IL-1 signaling. Once phosphorylated, IRAK1 recruits the adapter protein PELI1. Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are ubiquitously expressed in all tissues examined, with isoform 1 being more strongly expressed than isoform 2. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC 188.8.131.52; IRAK family; Kinase, protein; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); Protein kinase, TKL; TKL group
Molecular Function: kinase activity; NF-kappaB-inducing kinase activity; protein binding; protein heterodimerization activity; protein homodimerization activity; protein kinase activity; protein serine/threonine kinase activity
Biological Process: activation of MAPK activity; activation of NF-kappaB transcription factor; activation of NF-kappaB-inducing kinase; inhibition of NF-kappaB transcription factor; JNK cascade; lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway; MyD88-dependent toll-like receptor signaling pathway; negative regulation of apoptosis; positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB cascade; positive regulation of interferon type I production; positive regulation of MAP kinase activity; protein amino acid autophosphorylation; protein amino acid phosphorylation; protein oligomerization; regulation of cytokine and chemokine mediated signaling pathway; response to lipopolysaccharide; toll-like receptor 2 signaling pathway; toll-like receptor 4 signaling pathway; toll-like receptor 9 signaling pathway; toll-like receptor signaling pathway