a bHLH transcription factor that requires dimerization with another bHLH protein for efficient DNA binding. A binding partner for the Ah (dioxin) nuclear receptor. Required for the ligand-binding subunit to translocate from the cytosol to the nucleus after ligand binding. The complex then initiates transcription of genes involved in the activation of PAH procarcinogens. A binding partner for HIF1A or HIF2A, transcription factors that regulates transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in the adaptive response to hypoxia and oxidative stress. This complex activates target genes that limit oxygen consumption. HIF-1alpha may have nontranscriptional activities that inhibit DNA replication and cell proliferation when oxygen becomes scarce. Forms heterodimers with other bHLH proteins. Interacts with TACC3. Three isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: DNA-binding; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Transcription factor
Molecular Function: aryl hydrocarbon receptor binding; protein binding; protein heterodimerization activity; RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, enhancer binding; sequence-specific DNA binding; transcription factor activity; transcription factor binding
Biological Process: mRNA transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation; positive regulation of erythrocyte differentiation; positive regulation of glycolysis; positive regulation of hormone biosynthetic process; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; positive regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway; regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to oxidative stress; response to hypoxia; transcription, DNA-dependent; xenobiotic metabolic process