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WNT5A Ligand for members of the frizzled family of seven transmembrane receptors. Can activate or inhibit canonical Wnt signaling, depending on receptor context. In the presence of FZD4, activates beta-catenin signaling. In the presence of ROR2, inhibits the canonical Wnt pathway by promoting beta-catenin degradation through a GSK3-independent pathway which involves down-regulation of beta-catenin-induced reporter gene expression. Suppression of the canonical pathway allows chondrogenesis to occur and inhibits tumor formation. Stimulates cell migration. Decreases proliferation, migration, invasiveness and clonogenicity of carcinoma cells and may act as a tumor suppressor. Mediates motility of melanoma cells. Required during embryogenesis for extension of the primary anterior-posterior axis and for outgrowth of limbs and the genital tubercle. Inhibits type II collagen expression in chondrocytes. Interacts with PORCN. Interacts with WLS. Expression is increased in differentiated thyroid carcinomas compared to normal thyroid tissue and anaplastic thyroid tumors where expression is low or undetectable. Expression is found in thyrocytes but not in stromal cells. Belongs to the Wnt family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Secreted; Secreted, signal peptide
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 3p14.3
Cellular Component: clathrin coated vesicle membrane; endoplasmic reticulum lumen; extracellular region; extracellular space; Golgi lumen; plasma membrane
Molecular Function: frizzled binding; protein binding; receptor agonist activity; receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor binding; transcription factor activity
Biological Process: activation of JNK activity; activation of MAPK activity; activation of NF-kappaB transcription factor; activation of protein kinase B; axon guidance; cell fate commitment; embryonic skeletal development; epithelial to mesenchymal transition; genitalia development; keratinocyte differentiation; lens development in camera-type eye; male gonad development; negative regulation of apoptosis; negative regulation of fat cell differentiation; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; neuron differentiation; olfactory bulb interneuron development; palate development; positive regulation of angiogenesis; positive regulation of cGMP metabolic process; positive regulation of chemokine biosynthetic process; positive regulation of cytokine secretion during immune response; positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation; positive regulation of fibroblast proliferation; positive regulation of inflammatory response; positive regulation of interleukin-1 beta secretion; positive regulation of interleukin-6 production; positive regulation of macrophage activation; positive regulation of ossification; positive regulation of protein catabolic process; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; response to organic substance; Wnt receptor signaling pathway; Wnt receptor signaling pathway, calcium modulating pathway; Wnt receptor signaling pathway, planar cell polarity pathway; wound healing
Disease: Robinow Syndrome, Autosomal Dominant
Reference #:  P41221 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: hWNT5A; Protein Wnt-5a; wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 5A; WNT-5A protein; WNT5A
Gene Symbols: WNT5A
Molecular weight: 42,339 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.83  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  ESC Pluripotency and Differentiation  |  Microtubule Dynamics  |  mTOR Signaling  |  Translation: eIF4E and p70S6K  |  Wnt/ß-Catenin Signaling
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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