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Fyn a tyrosine kinase of the Src family. Implicated in the control of cell growth. Plays a role in the regulation of intracellular calcium levels. Required in brain development and mature brain function with important roles in the regulation of axon growth, axon guidance, and neurite extension. Blocks axon outgrowth and attraction induced by NTN1 by phosphorylating its receptor DDC. Associates with the p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and interacts with the fyn-binding protein. Three alternatively spliced isoforms have been described. Isoform 2 shows a greater ability to mobilize cytoplasmic calcium than isoform 1. Induced expression aids in cellular transformation and xenograft metastasis. In squamous cell carcinoma, Fyn transduces signals from EGFR and Src and is required for cell migration and invasiveness. Activity linked to migration in a murine melanoma model. Appears to block late stage development of neuroblastoma. Mouse knockout deficient in kindling response, a model for human epilepsy. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC; Kinase, protein; Oncoprotein; Protein kinase, TK; Protein kinase, tyrosine (non-receptor); Src family; TK group
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 6q21
Cellular Component: cytosol; dendrite; endosome; extrinsic to internal side of plasma membrane; lipid raft; plasma membrane; postsynaptic density
Molecular Function: ephrin receptor binding; glycoprotein binding; identical protein binding; non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine kinase activity; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase activity; protein binding; protein-tyrosine kinase activity; Ras guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity; type 5 metabotropic glutamate receptor binding
Biological Process: axon guidance; blood coagulation; cell differentiation; cell migration; central nervous system development; ephrin receptor signaling pathway; feeding behavior; innate immune response; learning; leukocyte migration; MAPKKK cascade; peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation; phosphoinositide-mediated signaling; platelet activation; regulation of apoptosis; regulation of cell proliferation; regulation of defense response to virus by virus; regulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase cascade; stimulatory C-type lectin receptor signaling pathway; T cell activation; T cell costimulation; T cell receptor signaling pathway; transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase signaling pathway; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway
Reference #:  P06241 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: c-syn protooncogene; FYN; FYN oncogene related to SRC, FGR, YES; MGC45350; OKT3-induced calcium influx regulator; p59-Fyn; protein-tyrosine kinase fyn; Proto-oncogene c-Fyn; Proto-oncogene Syn; proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase fyn; SLK; src-like kinase; src/yes-related novel; SYN; tyrosine kinase p59fyn(T); Tyrosine-protein kinase Fyn
Gene Symbols: FYN
Molecular weight: 60,762 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 6.23  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Adherens Junction Dynamics  |  GPCR Signaling to MAPKs  |  Growth And Differentiation Control by MAPKs  |  Insulin Receptor Signaling  |  Tyrosine Kinases & Substrates
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