Plays a major role in tight junction-specific obliteration of the intercellular space, through calcium- independent cell-adhesion activity. Acts as a co- receptor for HCV entry into hepatic cells. Can form homo- and heteropolymers with other CLDN. Homopolymers interact with CLDN3, but not CLDN2, homopolymers. Directly interacts with TJP1/ZO-1, TJP2/ZO-2 and TJP3/ZO-3. Interacts with MPDZ and INADL. May interact with HCV E1 and E2 proteins. Strongly expressed in liver and kidney. Expressed in heart, brain, spleen, lung and testis. Belongs to the claudin family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Cytoskeletal; Membrane protein, integral; Membrane protein, multi-pass