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TNFSF11 Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF11B/OPG and to TNFRSF11A/RANK. Osteoclast differentiation and activation factor. Augments the ability of dendritic cells to stimulate naive T-cell proliferation. May be an important regulator of interactions between T-cells and dendritic cells and may play a role in the regulation of the T-cell-dependent immune response. May also play an important role in enhanced bone-resorption in humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy. Homotrimer. Up-regulated by T-cell receptor stimulation. Highest in the peripheral lymph nodes, weak in spleen, peripheral blood Leukocytes, bone marrow, heart, placenta, skeletal muscle, stomach and thyroid. Belongs to the tumor necrosis factor family. 3 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 13q14.11
Cellular Component: extracellular region; plasma membrane
Molecular Function: cytokine activity; tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily binding
Biological Process: activation of NF-kappaB transcription factor; calcium-mediated signaling; cytokine and chemokine mediated signaling pathway; monocyte chemotaxis; osteoclast differentiation; positive regulation of bone resorption; positive regulation of corticotropin-releasing hormone secretion; positive regulation of homotypic cell-cell adhesion; positive regulation of MAP kinase activity; positive regulation of osteoclast differentiation; positive regulation of T cell activation; positive regulation of transcription factor activity; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway
Disease: Osteopetrosis, Autosomal Recessive 2
Reference #:  O14788 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: CD254; hRANKL2; ODF; OPGL; OPTB2; Osteoclast differentiation factor; Osteoprotegerin ligand; RANKL; receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand; Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand; sOdf; TNF-related activation-induced cytokine; TNF11; TNFSF11; TRANCE; tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily, member 11; Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 11; Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 11, membrane form; Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 11, soluble form
Gene Symbols: TNFSF11
Molecular weight: 35,478 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 7.25  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
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