spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) protein. Expansion of CAG repeats in the SCA1 gene results in an abnormally long polyglutamine tract in the protein, causing polyglutamine-induced neurodegeneration. 14-3-3 and Akt kinase stabilize both wild-type and mutant forms of ataxin-1. The expansion of the polyglutamine tract may alter this function. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.