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Epiregulin Ligand of the EGF receptor/EGFR and ERBB4. May be a mediator of localized cell proliferation. As a mitogen it may stimulate cell proliferation and/or angiogenesis. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 4q13.3
Cellular Component: extracellular region; extracellular space; integral to plasma membrane
Molecular Function: epidermal growth factor receptor binding; growth factor activity; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase activity; protein binding; protein-tyrosine kinase activity; Ras guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity
Biological Process: anatomical structure morphogenesis; cell-cell signaling; cytokine and chemokine mediated signaling pathway; epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway; female meiosis; keratinocyte differentiation; keratinocyte proliferation; luteinizing hormone signaling pathway; MAPKKK cascade; mRNA transcription; negative regulation of cell proliferation; negative regulation of epithelial cell proliferation; negative regulation of smooth muscle cell differentiation; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; oocyte maturation; organ morphogenesis; ovarian cumulus expansion; ovulation; phosphoinositide-mediated signaling; positive regulation of cell proliferation; positive regulation of cytokine biosynthetic process; positive regulation of cytokine production; positive regulation of DNA replication; positive regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor activity; positive regulation of fibroblast proliferation; positive regulation of innate immune response; positive regulation of interleukin-6 biosynthetic process; positive regulation of mitosis; positive regulation of phosphorylation; positive regulation of protein kinase activity; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation; primary follicle stage, oogenesis; regulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase cascade; wound healing
Reference #:  O14944 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: Epiregulin; EPR; ER; EREG; Proepiregulin
Gene Symbols: EREG
Molecular weight: 19,044 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 7.49  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Protein Structure Not Found.
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