Cysteine protease required for autophagy, which cleaves the C-terminal part of either MAP1LC3, GABARAPL2 or GABARAP, allowing the liberation of form I. A subpopulation of form I is subsequently converted to a smaller form (form II). Form II, with a revealed C-terminal glycine, is considered to be the phosphatidylethanolamine (PE)-conjugated form, and has the capacity for the binding to autophagosomes. Highly expressed in skeletal muscle, heart, liver and testis. Inhibited by N-ethylmaleimide. Belongs to the peptidase C54 family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Autophagy; EC 3.4.22.-; Protease; Ubiquitin conjugating system