The glycine cleavage system catalyzes the degradation of glycine. The P protein binds the alpha-amino group of glycine through its pyridoxal phosphate cofactor; CO(2) is released and the remaining methylamine moiety is then transferred to the lipoamide cofactor of the H protein. Defects in GLDC are a cause of non-ketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH); also known as glycine encephalopathy (GCE). NKH is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by accumulation of a large amount of glycine in body fluid and by severe neurological symptoms. Belongs to the GcvP family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Amino Acid Metabolism - glycine, serine and threonine; EC 184.108.40.206; Oxidoreductase