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SLC1A3 Transports L-glutamate and also L- and D-aspartate. Essential for terminating the postsynaptic action of glutamate by rapidly removing released glutamate from the synaptic cleft. Acts as a symport by cotransporting sodium. Highly expressed in cerebellum, but also found in frontal cortex, hippocampus and basal ganglia. Belongs to the sodium:dicarboxylate (SDF) symporter (TC 2.A.23) family. SLC1A3 subfamily. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Membrane protein, multi-pass; Mitochondrial; Transporter; Transporter, SLC family
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 5p13.2
Cellular Component: integral to plasma membrane; membrane; plasma membrane
Molecular Function: amino acid transmembrane transporter activity; glutamate:sodium symporter activity; high-affinity glutamate transmembrane transporter activity; L-glutamate transmembrane transporter activity
Biological Process: glutamate secretion; ion transport; L-glutamate import; neurotransmitter uptake; synaptic transmission
Disease: Episodic Ataxia, Type 6
Reference #:  P43003 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: EA6; EAA1; EAAT1; Excitatory amino acid transporter 1; FLJ25094; GLAST; GLAST-1; GLAST1; SLC1A3; Sodium-dependent glutamate/aspartate transporter 1; solute carrier family 1 (glial high affinity glutamate transporter), member 3; Solute carrier family 1 member 3
Gene Symbols: SLC1A3
Molecular weight: 59,572 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.52  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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