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S100B Weakly binds calcium but binds zinc very tightly- distinct binding sites with different affinities exist for both ions on each monomer. Physiological concentrations of potassium ion antagonize the binding of both divalent cations, especially affecting high-affinity calcium-binding sites. Binds to and initiates the activation of STK38 by releasing autoinhibitory intramolecular interactions within the kinase. Interaction with AGER after myocardial infarction may play a role in myocyte apoptosis by activating ERK1/2 and p53/TP53 signaling. Dimer of either two alpha chains, or two beta chains, or one alpha and one beta chain. The S100B dimer binds two molecules of STK38. Interacts with AGER. The S100B dimer interacts with two molecules of CAPZA1. Although predominant among the water-soluble brain proteins, S100 is also found in a variety of other tissues. Belongs to the S-101 family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Calcium-binding
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 21q22.3
Cellular Component: cytoplasm; extracellular region; nucleus; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; ruffle
Molecular Function: calcium-dependent protein binding; identical protein binding; protein binding; protein homodimerization activity; RAGE receptor binding; tau protein binding; zinc ion binding
Biological Process: axonogenesis; cell proliferation; central nervous system development; innate immune response; learning and/or memory; positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB cascade
Reference #:  P04271 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: NEF; Protein S100-B; S-100 calcium-binding protein, beta chain; S-100 protein beta chain; S-100 protein subunit beta; S100; S100 beta; S100 calcium binding protein B; S100 calcium binding protein, beta (neural); S100 calcium-binding protein B; S100 calcium-binding protein, beta (neural); S100B; S100beta
Gene Symbols: S100B
Molecular weight: 10,713 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 4.57  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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