Javascript is not enabled on this browser. This site will not work properly without Javascript.
PhosphoSitePlus Homepage Cell Signaling Technology
Home | Login
About PhosphoSiteUsing PhosphoSiteprivacy & cookiesCuration ProcessContact
logos LINCs Logo Mt Sinai Logo NIH Logo NCI Logo
Search / Browse Functions
Protein Page:

HIRA a histone chaperone. Necessary to mediate DNA-synthesis-independent nucleosome assembly. Interacts with UBN1, CABIN, and ASF1A in the cell nucleus to form the evolutionarily conserved HUCA histone chaperone complex that deposits the variant histone H3.3 into chromatin in a DNA-replication independent manner. Required for deposition of histone H3.3 at the transcription start sites of genes, where incorporation of histone H3.3 facilitates nucleosome destabilization and contributes to transcriptional activation. Histone H3.3 is also linked to gene silencing and is incorporated into regions of the genome thought to be transcriptionally inactive. While some incorporation of H3.3 into heterochromatin is facilitated by an additional histone chaperone complex containing ATRX and DAXX (ie. telomeric incorporation of H3.3), HIRA is required for incorporation of histone H3.3 and formation of senescence-associated heterochromatin foci (SAHF) during cellular senescence. HIRA is ubiquitously expressed during mouse embryonic development. In the adult mouse, HIRA is expressed at high levels in the kidney, skeletal muscle, and pancreas, but it is expressed at lower levels in the heart, lung, placenta, brain, and liver. A missing copy of the HIRA gene on human chromosome region 22q11.2 is a common characteristic of DiGeorge syndrome patients and insufficient production of the HIRA protein may disrupt normal embryonic development. Two isoforms of the human protein result from alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Cell cycle regulation; Cell development/differentiation; Transcription regulation
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 22q11.21
Cellular Component: nuclear chromatin; nucleoplasm; nucleus; protein complex
Molecular Function: nucleosome binding; protein binding; transcription corepressor activity; transcription factor activity
Biological Process: anatomical structure morphogenesis; DNA replication-independent nucleosome assembly; regulation of chromatin silencing; regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter
Reference #:  P54198 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: DGCR1; DiGeorge critical region gene 1; HIR; HIR histone cell cycle regulation defective homolog A (S. cerevisiae); HIRA; Protein HIRA; TUP1; TUP1-like enhancer of split protein 1; TUPLE1
Gene Symbols: HIRA
Molecular weight: 111,835 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.4  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
Select Structure to View Below


Protein Structure Not Found.
Download PyMol Script
Download ChimeraX Script

STRING  |  cBioPortal  |  Wikipedia  |  neXtProt  |  Protein Atlas  |  BioGPS  |  Scansite  |  Pfam  |  RCSB PDB  |  Phospho3D  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  GeneCards  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  GenPept  |  Ensembl Gene  |  InnateDB