WNK1 Serine/threonine kinase which plays an important role in the regulation of electrolyte homeostasis, cell signaling, survival, and proliferation. Acts as an activator and inhibitor of sodium-coupled chloride cotransporters and potassium-coupled chloride cotransporters respectively. Activates SCNN1A, SCNN1B, SCNN1D and SGK1. Controls sodium and chloride ion transport by inhibiting the activity of WNK4, by either phosphorylating the kinase or via an interaction between WNK4 and the autoinhibitory domain of WNK1. WNK4 regulates the activity of the thiazide-sensitive Na-Cl cotransporter, SLC12A3, by phosphorylation. WNK1 may also play a role in actin cytoskeletal reorganization. Phosphorylates NEDD4L. Acts as a scaffold to inhibit SLC4A4, SLC26A6 as well as CFTR activities and surface expression, recruits STK39 which mediates the inhibition. Isoform 3: Dominant-negative regulator of the longer isoform 1. Does not have kinase activity, does not directly inhibit WNK4 and has no direct effect on sodium and chloride ion transport. Downregulates sodium-chloride cotransporter activity indirectly by inhibiting isoform 1, it associates with isoform 1 and attenuates its kinase activity. In kidney, may play an important role regulating sodium and potassium balance. Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Ser/Thr protein kinase family. WNK subfamily. Widely expressed, with highest levels observed in the testis, heart, kidney and skeletal muscle. Isoform 3 is kidney-specific and specifically expressed in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT) and connecting tubule (CNT) of the nephron. 6 human isoforms generated by alternative promoter usage or alternative splicing have been reported. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC; Kinase, protein; Other group; Protein kinase, Other; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); Wnk family
Chromosomal Location of human Ortholog: 12p13.33
Cellular Component:  cytoplasm; cytosol; intracellular non-membrane-bounded organelle; membrane; mitotic spindle; nucleus; protein-containing complex
Molecular Function:  ATP binding; molecular condensate scaffold activity; phosphatase binding; protein binding; protein kinase activator activity; protein kinase activity; protein kinase binding; protein kinase inhibitor activity; protein serine kinase activity; protein serine/threonine kinase activity
Biological Process:  cell volume homeostasis; cellular hyperosmotic response; cellular response to chemokine; chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 21 signaling pathway; heart development; intracellular chloride ion homeostasis; intracellular signal transduction; lymphocyte migration into lymph node; monoatomic cation homeostasis; monoatomic ion transport; negative regulation of autophagy; negative regulation of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin; negative regulation of GTPase activity; negative regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion; negative regulation of leukocyte cell-cell adhesion; negative regulation of pancreatic juice secretion; negative regulation of protein localization to plasma membrane; negative regulation of protein ubiquitination; neuron development; non-membrane-bounded organelle assembly; peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; peptidyl-threonine phosphorylation; positive regulation of angiogenesis; positive regulation of canonical Wnt signaling pathway; positive regulation of mitotic cytokinesis; positive regulation of systemic arterial blood pressure; positive regulation of T cell chemotaxis; positive regulation of termination of RNA polymerase II transcription; potassium ion homeostasis; protein insertion into ER membrane by stop-transfer membrane-anchor sequence; protein phosphorylation; regulation of monoatomic cation transmembrane transport; regulation of mRNA export from nucleus; regulation of sodium ion transmembrane transport; regulation of sodium ion transport; signal transduction; sodium ion transmembrane transport; T cell receptor signaling pathway
Disease: Neuropathy, Hereditary Sensory And Autonomic, Type Iia; Pseudohypoaldosteronism, Type Iic
Reference #:  Q9H4A3 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: Erythrocyte 65 kDa protein; HSAN2; HSN2; hWNK1; KDP; KIAA0344; Kinase deficient protein; p65; PHA2C; PPP1R167; PRKWNK1; prostate-derived sterile 20-like kinase; Protein kinase lysine-deficient 1; Protein kinase with no lysine 1; protein kinase, lysine deficient 1; protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 167; PSK; Serine/threonine-protein kinase WNK1; serine/threonine-protein kinase WNK1 1; serine/threonine-protein kinase WNK1 2; WNK lysine deficient protein kinase 1; WNK1
Gene Symbols: WNK1
Molecular weight: 250,794 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.94  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Protein-Specific Antibodies, siRNAs or Recombinant Proteins from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Protein Structure Not Found.

Cross-references to other databases:  AlphaFold  |  STRING  |  cBioPortal  |  CCLE  |  Wikipedia  |  neXtProt  |  Protein Atlas  |  BioGPS  |  KinBase  |  Pfam  |  RCSB PDB  |  ENZYME  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  GeneCards  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  GenPept  |  Ensembl Gene  |  InnateDB  |  Ensembl Protein