Serine/threonine-protein kinase involved in various processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, transformation and programmed cell death. Extracellular stimuli such as proinflammatory cytokines or physical stress stimulate the stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAP/JNK) signaling pathway. In this cascade, two dual specificity kinases MAP2K4/MKK4 and MAP2K7/MKK7 phosphorylate and activate MAPK8/JNK1. In turn, MAPK8/JNK1 phosphorylates a number of transcription factors, primarily components of AP-1 such as JUN, JDP2 and ATF2 and thus regulates AP-1 transcriptional activity. Phosphorylates the replication licensing factor CDT1, inhibiting the interaction between CDT1 and the histone H4 acetylase HBO1 to replication origins. Loss of this interaction abrogates the acetylation required for replication initiation. Promotes stressed cell apoptosis by phosphorylating key regulatory factors including p53/TP53 and Yes-associates protein YAP1. In T-cells, MAPK8 and MAPK9 are required for polarized differentiation of T-helper cells into Th1 cells. Contributes to the survival of erythroid cells by phosphorylating the antagonist of cell death BAD upon EPO stimulation. Mediates starvation-induced BCL2 phosphorylation, BCL2 dissociation from BECN1, and thus activation of autophagy. Phosphorylates STMN2 and hence regulates microtubule dynamics, controlling neurite elongation in cortical neurons. In the developing brain, through its cytoplasmic activity on STMN2, negatively regulates the rate of exit from multipolar stage and of radial migration from the ventricular zone. Phosphorylates several other substrates including heat shock factor protein 4 (HSF4), the deacetylase SIRT1, ELK1, or the E3 ligase ITCH. Phosphorylates the CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer and plays a role in the regulation of the circadian clock. Phosphorylates the heat shock transcription factor HSF1, suppressing HSF1-induced transcriptional activity. Phosphorylates POU5F1, which results in the inhibition of POU5F1's transcriptional activity and enhances its proteosomal degradation. JNK1 isoforms display different binding patterns: beta-1 preferentially binds to c-Jun, whereas alpha-1, alpha-2, and beta-2 have a similar low level of binding to both c-Jun or ATF2. However, there is no correlation between binding and phosphorylation, which is achieved at about the same efficiency by all isoforms. Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. MAP kinase subfamily. 5 alternatively spliced human isoforms have been reported. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: CMGC group; EC 188.8.131.52; JNK subfamily; Kinase, protein; MAPK family; MAPK/JNK subfamily; Protein kinase, CMGC; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor)
Molecular Function: ATP binding; enzyme binding; histone deacetylase binding; histone deacetylase regulator activity; JUN kinase activity; kinase activity; protein binding; protein serine/threonine kinase activity
Biological Process: cellular response to amino acid starvation; cellular response to cadmium ion; cellular response to cytokine stimulus; cellular response to lipopolysaccharide; cellular response to mechanical stimulus; cellular response to reactive oxygen species; Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathway; JNK cascade; JUN phosphorylation; negative regulation of apoptotic process; negative regulation of protein binding; peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; peptidyl-threonine phosphorylation; positive regulation of apoptotic process; positive regulation of cyclase activity; positive regulation of deacetylase activity; positive regulation of gene expression; positive regulation of protein insertion into mitochondrial membrane involved in apoptotic signaling pathway; positive regulation of protein metabolic process; protein phosphorylation; regulation of circadian rhythm; regulation of DNA replication origin binding; regulation of DNA-binding transcription factor activity; regulation of histone deacetylation; regulation of macroautophagy; regulation of protein localization; response to UV; rhythmic process; stress-activated MAPK cascade