eIF3-zeta mRNA cap-binding component of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 (eIF-3) complex, a complex required for several steps in the initiation of protein synthesis of a specialized repertoire of mRNAs. The eIF-3 complex associates with the 40S ribosome and facilitates the recruitment of eIF-1, eIF-1A, eIF-2:GTP:methionyl-tRNAi and eIF-5 to form the 43S pre-initiation complex (43S PIC). The eIF-3 complex stimulates mRNA recruitment to the 43S PIC and scanning of the mRNA for AUG recognition. The eIF-3 complex is also required for disassembly and recycling of post-termination ribosomal complexes and subsequently prevents premature joining of the 40S and 60S ribosomal subunits prior to initiation. The eIF-3 complex specifically targets and initiates translation of a subset of mRNAs involved in cell proliferation, including cell cycling, differentiation and apoptosis, and uses different modes of RNA stem-loop binding to exert either translational activation or repression. In the eIF-3 complex, EIF3D specifically recognizes and binds the 7-methylguanosine cap of a subset of mRNAs. (Microbial infection) In case of FCV infection, plays a role in the ribosomal termination-reinitiation event leading to the translation of VP2. Belongs to the eIF-3 subunit D family. 3 alternatively spliced human isoforms have been reported. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: RNA-binding; Translation; Translation initiation
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 22q12.3
Cellular Component:  cytosol; eukaryotic 43S preinitiation complex; eukaryotic 48S preinitiation complex; eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 complex; eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 complex, eIF3m
Molecular Function:  mRNA cap binding; protein binding; RNA binding
Biological Process:  cap-dependent translational initiation; formation of cytoplasmic translation initiation complex; IRES-dependent viral translational initiation; positive regulation of mRNA binding; positive regulation of translation; translational initiation; viral translational termination-reinitiation
Reference #:  O15371 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: eIF-3-zeta; eIF3 p66; eIF3-p66; eIF3-zeta; EIF3D; EIF3S7; Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit 7; Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit D; eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3, subunit 7 zeta, 66/67kDa; eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3, subunit D; MGC126526; MGC17258; translation initiation factor eIF3 p66 subunit
Gene Symbols: EIF3D
Molecular weight: 63,973 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.79  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Translational Control
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Protein Structure Not Found.

Cross-references to other databases:  STRING  |  cBioPortal  |  Wikipedia  |  Reactome  |  neXtProt  |  Protein Atlas  |  BioGPS  |  Pfam  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  GeneCards  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  GenPept  |  Ensembl Gene  |  InnateDB