YTHDF2 Specifically recognizes and binds N6-methyladenosine (m6A)-containing RNAs, and regulates mRNA stability. M6A is a modification present at internal sites of mRNAs and some non-coding RNAs and plays a role in mRNA stability and processing. Acts as a regulator of mRNA stability by promoting degradation of m6A-containing mRNAs via interaction with the CCR4-NOT and ribonuclease P/MRP complexes, depending on the context. M6A-containing mRNAs containing a binding site for RIDA/HRSP12 (5'-GGUUC-3') are preferentially degraded by endoribonucleolytic cleavage: cooperative binding of RIDA/HRSP12 and YTHDF2 to transcripts leads to recruitment of the ribonuclease P/MRP complex. Other m6A-containing mRNAs undergo deadenylation via direct interaction between YTHDF2 and CNOT1, leading to recruitment of the CCR4-NOT and subsequent deadenylation of m6A-containing mRNAs. Required maternally to regulate oocyte maturation: probably acts by binding to m6A-containing mRNAs, thereby regulating maternal transcript dosage during oocyte maturation, which is essential for the competence of oocytes to sustain early zygotic development. Also involved in hematopoietic stem cells specification by binding to m6A-containing mRNAs, leading to promote their degradation. Also acts as a regulator of neural development by promoting m6A-dependent degradation of neural development-related mRNA targets. Regulates circadian regulation of hepatic lipid metabolism: acts by promoting m6A-dependent degradation of PPARA transcripts. Regulates the innate immune response to infection by inhibiting the type I interferon response: acts by binding to m6A-containing IFNB transcripts and promoting their degradation. Also acts as a promoter of cap-independent mRNA translation following heat shock stress: upon stress, relocalizes to the nucleus and specifically binds mRNAs with some m6A methylation mark at their 5'-UTR, protecting demethylation of mRNAs by FTO, thereby promoting cap-independent mRNA translation. (Microbial infection) Promotes viral gene expression and replication of polyomavirus SV40: acts by binding to N6-methyladenosine (m6A)-containing viral RNAs. (Microbial infection) Promotes viral gene expression and virion production of kaposis sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) at some stage of the KSHV life cycle (in iSLK.219 and iSLK.BAC16 cells). Acts by binding to N6-methyladenosine (m6A)-containing viral RNAs. Belongs to the YTHDF2 family. 2 alternatively spliced human isoforms have been reported. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: RNA processing; RNA-binding
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 1p35.3
Cellular Component:  cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein granule; cytosol; microtubule organizing center; nucleus; P-body
Molecular Function:  N6-methyladenosine-containing RNA binding; protein binding
Biological Process:  embryonic morphogenesis; endothelial to hematopoietic transition; humoral immune response; mRNA destabilization; negative regulation of Notch signaling pathway; oocyte maturation; positive regulation of cap-independent translational initiation; regulation of hematopoietic stem cell differentiation; regulation of meiotic cell cycle process involved in oocyte maturation; regulation of mRNA stability
Disease: Longevity 1
Reference #:  Q9Y5A9 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: 9430020E02Rik; CLL-associated antigen KW-14; HGR8; HGRG8; High-glucose-regulated protein 8; NY-REN-2; Renal carcinoma antigen NY-REN-2; YTH domain family protein 2; YTH domain family, member 2; YTH domain-containing family protein 2; YTHD2; YTHDF2
Gene Symbols: YTHDF2
Molecular weight: 62,334 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.87  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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YTHDF2

Protein Structure Not Found.


Cross-references to other databases:  STRING  |  cBioPortal  |  Wikipedia  |  neXtProt  |  Protein Atlas  |  BioGPS  |  Pfam  |  RCSB PDB  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  GenPept  |  Ensembl Gene  |  Ensembl Protein