YTHDF2 Specifically recognizes and binds N6-methyladenosine (m6A)-containing RNAs, and regulates mRNA stability. M6A is a modification present at internal sites of mRNAs and some non-coding RNAs and plays a role in mRNA stability and processing. Acts as a regulator of mRNA stability by promoting degradation of m6A-containing mRNAs via interaction with the CCR4-NOT and ribonuclease P/MRP complexes, depending on the context. M6A-containing mRNAs containing a binding site for RIDA/HRSP12 (5'-GGUUC-3') are preferentially degraded by endoribonucleolytic cleavage: cooperative binding of RIDA/HRSP12 and YTHDF2 to transcripts leads to recruitment of the ribonuclease P/MRP complex. Other m6A-containing mRNAs undergo deadenylation via direct interaction between YTHDF2 and CNOT1, leading to recruitment of the CCR4-NOT and subsequent deadenylation of m6A-containing mRNAs. Required maternally to regulate oocyte maturation: probably acts by binding to m6A-containing mRNAs, thereby regulating maternal transcript dosage during oocyte maturation, which is essential for the competence of oocytes to sustain early zygotic development. Also involved in hematopoietic stem cells specification by binding to m6A-containing mRNAs, leading to promote their degradation. Also acts as a regulator of neural development by promoting m6A-dependent degradation of neural development-related mRNA targets. Regulates circadian regulation of hepatic lipid metabolism: acts by promoting m6A-dependent degradation of PPARA transcripts. Regulates the innate immune response to infection by inhibiting the type I interferon response: acts by binding to m6A-containing IFNB transcripts and promoting their degradation. Also acts as a promoter of cap-independent mRNA translation following heat shock stress: upon stress, relocalizes to the nucleus and specifically binds mRNAs with some m6A methylation mark at their 5'-UTR, protecting demethylation of mRNAs by FTO, thereby promoting cap-independent mRNA translation. (Microbial infection) Promotes viral gene expression and replication of polyomavirus SV40: acts by binding to N6-methyladenosine (m6A)-containing viral RNAs. (Microbial infection) Promotes viral gene expression and virion production of kaposis sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) at some stage of the KSHV life cycle (in iSLK.219 and iSLK.BAC16 cells). Acts by binding to N6-methyladenosine (m6A)-containing viral RNAs. Belongs to the YTHDF2 family. 2 alternatively spliced human isoforms have been reported. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: RNA processing; RNA-binding
Chromosomal Location of mouse Ortholog: 4|4 D2.3
Cellular Component:  centriolar satellite; cytoplasm; cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein granule; cytoplasmic stress granule; cytosol; nucleus; P-body
Molecular Function:  C5-methylcytidine-containing RNA binding; mRNA binding; N6-methyladenosine-containing RNA binding; RNA binding
Biological Process:  cell cycle; cell differentiation; cell division; gamete generation; hematopoietic stem cell proliferation; immune system process; innate immune response; mRNA catabolic process; mRNA destabilization; negative regulation of stem cell differentiation; negative regulation of type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway; oocyte maturation; oogenesis; organelle assembly; positive regulation of cap-independent translational initiation; positive regulation of translational initiation; regulation of cell adhesion; regulation of hematopoietic stem cell differentiation; regulation of meiotic cell cycle process involved in oocyte maturation; regulation of mRNA stability; regulation of neurogenesis; regulation of rRNA processing; spermatogenesis; spermatogonial cell division; stress granule assembly
Reference #:  Q91YT7 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: 9430020E02Rik; HGR8; HGRG; HGRG8; NY-RE; NY-REN-2; OTTMUSP00000011912; YTH domain family 2; YTH domain family protein 2; YTH domain-containing family protein 2; YTH N6-methyladenosine RNA binding protein 2; YTHD2; Ythdf2
Gene Symbols: Ythdf2
Molecular weight: 62,280 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.87  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Protein-Specific Antibodies, siRNAs or Recombinant Proteins from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Protein Structure Not Found.

Cross-references to other databases:  AlphaFold  |  STRING  |  BioGPS  |  Pfam  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  GenPept  |  Ensembl Gene  |  Ensembl Protein