Tyro3 Receptor tyrosine kinase that transduces signals from the extracellular matrix into the cytoplasm by binding to several ligands including TULP1 or GAS6. Regulates many physiological processes including cell survival, migration and differentiation. Ligand binding at the cell surface induces dimerization and autophosphorylation of TYRO3 on its intracellular domain that provides docking sites for downstream signaling molecules. Following activation by ligand, interacts with PIK3R1 and thereby enhances PI3-kinase activity. Activates the AKT survival pathway, including nuclear translocation of NF-kappa-B and up-regulation of transcription of NF-kappa-B-regulated genes. TYRO3 signaling plays a role in various processes such as neuron protection from excitotoxic injury, platelet aggregation and cytoskeleton reorganization. Plays also an important role in inhibition of Toll-like receptors (TLRs)-mediated innate immune response by activating STAT1, which selectively induces production of suppressors of cytokine signaling SOCS1 and SOCS3. (Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for lassa virus and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, possibly through GAS6 binding to phosphatidyl-serine at the surface of virion envelope. (Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for Ebolavirus, possibly through GAS6 binding to phosphatidyl-serine at the surface of virion envelope. Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Tyr protein kinase family. AXL/UFO subfamily. Abundant in the brain and lower levels in other tissues. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Axl family; EC; Kinase, protein; Membrane protein, integral; Protein kinase, TK; Protein kinase, tyrosine (receptor); TK group
Chromosomal Location of mouse Ortholog: 2 E5|2 59.97 cM
Cellular Component:  cell surface; endoplasmic reticulum membrane; membrane; nuclear envelope; nucleus; plasma membrane; receptor complex
Molecular Function:  ATP binding; kinase activity; nucleotide binding; phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase binding; protein binding; protein kinase activity; protein tyrosine kinase activity; transferase activity; transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity; virus receptor activity
Biological Process:  apoptotic cell clearance; cell adhesion; cell migration; establishment of localization in cell; forebrain cell migration; lymphocyte activation; multicellular organism development; natural killer cell differentiation; negative regulation of inflammatory response; negative regulation of innate immune response; negative regulation of lymphocyte activation; negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process; negative regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway; nervous system development; neuron apoptotic process; neuron cellular homeostasis; neuron migration; neuropeptide signaling pathway; ovulation cycle; phagocytosis; phosphorylation; platelet activation; platelet aggregation; positive regulation of kinase activity; positive regulation of viral life cycle; protein autophosphorylation; protein kinase B signaling; protein phosphorylation; secretion by cell; spermatogenesis; substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading; transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase signaling pathway; vagina development
Reference #:  P55144 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: AI323366; Brt; Dtk; Etk-2; Etk2/tyro3; OTTMUSP00000017810; receptor tyrosine kinase; Rse; Sky; Tif; tk19-1; TK19-2; Tyro3; TYRO3 protein tyrosine kinase 3; Tyrosine-protein kinase DTK; Tyrosine-protein kinase receptor TYRO3; Tyrosine-protein kinase RSE; Tyrosine-protein kinase TIF
Gene Symbols: Tyro3
Molecular weight: 96,208 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.63  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Tyrosine Kinases & Substrates
Protein-Specific Antibodies, siRNAs or Recombinant Proteins from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Protein Structure Not Found.

Cross-references to other databases:  AlphaFold  |  STRING  |  BioGPS  |  KinBase  |  Pfam  |  RCSB PDB  |  ENZYME  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  Ensembl Gene