MAPKAPK2 Stress-activated serine/threonine-protein kinase involved in cytokine production, endocytosis, reorganization of the cytoskeleton, cell migration, cell cycle control, chromatin remodeling, DNA damage response and transcriptional regulation. Following stress, it is phosphorylated and activated by MAP kinase p38-alpha/MAPK14, leading to phosphorylation of substrates. Phosphorylates serine in the peptide sequence, Hyd-X-R-X(2)-S, where Hyd is a large hydrophobic residue. Phosphorylates ALOX5, CDC25B, CDC25C, CEP131, ELAVL1, HNRNPA0, HSP27/HSPB1, KRT18, KRT20, LIMK1, LSP1, PABPC1, PARN, PDE4A, RCSD1, RPS6KA3, TAB3 and TTP/ZFP36. Phosphorylates HSF1; leading to the interaction with HSP90 proteins and inhibiting HSF1 homotrimerization, DNA-binding and transactivation activities. Mediates phosphorylation of HSP27/HSPB1 in response to stress, leading to the dissociation of HSP27/HSPB1 from large small heat-shock protein (sHsps) oligomers and impairment of their chaperone activities and ability to protect against oxidative stress effectively. Involved in inflammatory response by regulating tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and IL6 production post-transcriptionally: acts by phosphorylating AU-rich elements (AREs)-binding proteins ELAVL1, HNRNPA0, PABPC1 and TTP/ZFP36, leading to the regulation of the stability and translation of TNF and IL6 mRNAs. Phosphorylation of TTP/ZFP36, a major post-transcriptional regulator of TNF, promotes its binding to 14-3-3 proteins and reduces its ARE mRNA affinity, leading to inhibition of dependent degradation of ARE-containing transcripts. Phosphorylates CEP131 in response to cellular stress induced by ultraviolet irradiation which promotes binding of CEP131 to 14-3-3 proteins and inhibits formation of novel centriolar satellites. Also involved in late G2/M checkpoint following DNA damage through a process of post-transcriptional mRNA stabilization: following DNA damage, relocalizes from nucleus to cytoplasm and phosphorylates HNRNPA0 and PARN, leading to stabilization of GADD45A mRNA. Involved in toll-like receptor signaling pathway (TLR) in dendritic cells: required for acute TLR-induced macropinocytosis by phosphorylating and activating RPS6KA3. Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CAMK Ser/Thr protein kinase family. Expressed in all tissues examined. 2 alternatively spliced human isoforms have been reported. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: CAMK group; EC 2.7.11.1; Kinase, protein; MAPKAPK family; MAPKAPK subfamily; Protein kinase, CAMK; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor)
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 1|1 E4
Cellular Component:  centrosome; cytoplasm; nucleoplasm; nucleus
Molecular Function:  ATP binding; calcium-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity; calmodulin binding; calmodulin-dependent protein kinase activity; kinase activity; mitogen-activated protein kinase binding; nucleotide binding; protein binding; protein kinase activity; protein serine/threonine kinase activity; transferase activity
Biological Process:  3'-UTR-mediated mRNA stabilization; cellular response to DNA damage stimulus; cellular response to vascular endothelial growth factor stimulus; inflammatory response; inner ear development; intracellular signal transduction; macropinocytosis; mRNA stabilization; p38MAPK cascade; peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; phosphorylation; positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor biosynthetic process; protein autophosphorylation; protein phosphorylation; regulation of interleukin-6 production; regulation of tumor necrosis factor production; response to cytokine; response to lipopolysaccharide; toll-like receptor signaling pathway; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway
Reference #:  P49138 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: AA960234; MAP kinase-activated protein kinase 2; MAPK-activated protein kinase 2; MAPK2; MAPKAP kinase 2; MAPKAP-K2; MAPKAPK-2; Mapkapk2; MK-2; MK2; Rps6; Rps6kc1
Gene Symbols: Mapkapk2
Molecular weight: 44,050 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.77  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  GPCR Signaling to MAPKs  |  Microtubule Dynamics  |  Regulation of P38 MAPKs
Protein-Specific Antibodies, siRNAs or Recombinant Proteins from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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MAPKAPK2

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Cross-references to other databases:  STRING  |  Reactome  |  BioGPS  |  KinBase  |  Pfam  |  ENZYME  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  Ensembl Gene