a tyrosine kinase of the Src family that is crucial to antigen-receptor signaling in lymphocytes. plays an essential role for the selection and maturation of developing T-cell in the thymus and in mature T-cell function. Is constitutively associated with the cytoplasmic portions of the CD4 and CD8 surface receptors and plays a key role in T-cell antigen receptor(TCR)-linked signal transduction pathways. Association of the TCR with a peptide antigen-bound MHC complex facilitates the interaction of CD4 and CD8 with MHC class II and class I molecules, respectively, and thereby recruits the associated LCK to the vicinity of the TCR/CD3 complex. LCK then phosphorylates tyrosines residues within the immunoreceptor tyrosines-based activation motifs (ITAMs) in the cytoplasmic tails of the TCRgamma chains and CD3 subunits, initiating the TCR/CD3 signaling pathway. In addition, contributes to signaling by other receptor molecules. Associates directly with the cytoplasmic tail of CD2, and upon engagement of the CD2 molecule, LCK undergoes hyperphosphorylation and activation. Also plays a role in the IL2 receptor-linked signaling pathway that controls T-cell proliferative response. Binding of IL2 to its receptor results in increased activity of LCK. Is expressed at all stages of thymocyte development and is required for the regulation of maturation events that are governed by both pre-TCR and mature alpha beta TCR. Binds to the cytoplasmic domain of cell surface receptors, such as CD2, CD4, CD5, CD8, CD44, CD45 and CD122. Also binds to effector molecules, such as PI4K, VAV1, RASA1, FYB and to other protein kinases including CDC2, RAF1, ZAP70 and SYK. Binds to phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K) from T-lymphocytes through its SH3 domain and to the tyrosine phosphorylated form of Sam68 through its SH2 domain. Binds to HIV-1 Nef through its SH3 domain. This interaction inhibits its tyrosine-kinase activity. Overexpression in mice leads to thymic tumors. Aberrant expression is seen in T cell leukemias and colon cancer. The leukemic translocation t(1;7)(p34;q34) has breakpoints at the T cell receptor gene and close to the Lck promoters, can cause increased Lck expression, and in one case, point mutations. A mutated Lck has also been seen in a cell line. One patient with aberrant Lck splicing suffered from SCID-like T cell deficiency. Inhibitor: BMS-279700. Three alternatively spliced isoforms of the human proteinhave been described. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC 126.96.36.199; Kinase, protein; Oncoprotein; Protein kinase, TK; Protein kinase, tyrosine (non-receptor); Src family; TK group
Cellular Component: cell-cell junction; cytoplasm; endocytic vesicle; extrinsic component of cytoplasmic side of plasma membrane; glutamatergic synapse; immunological synapse; membrane; membrane raft; pericentriolar material; plasma membrane; postsynaptic specialization, intracellular component
Molecular Function: antigen binding; ATP binding; ATPase binding; CD4 receptor binding; CD8 receptor binding; identical protein binding; kinase activity; non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine kinase activity; nucleotide binding; phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase binding; phosphotyrosine residue binding; protein antigen binding; protein binding; protein C-terminus binding; protein kinase activity; protein kinase binding; protein phosphatase binding; protein serine/threonine phosphatase activity; protein tyrosine kinase activity; protein-containing complex binding; SH2 domain binding; signaling receptor binding; T cell receptor binding; transferase activity
Biological Process: activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process; B cell receptor signaling pathway; cell differentiation; cell surface receptor signaling pathway; peptidyl-tyrosine autophosphorylation; peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation; phosphorylation; positive regulation of gamma-delta T cell differentiation; positive regulation of gene expression; positive regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion; positive regulation of intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway; positive regulation of leukocyte cell-cell adhesion; positive regulation of T cell activation; positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein; positive regulation of uterine smooth muscle contraction; protein autophosphorylation; protein phosphorylation; regulation of regulatory T cell differentiation; regulation of T cell receptor signaling pathway; release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol; response to drug; response to hydrogen peroxide; response to mechanical stimulus; response to metal ion; T cell differentiation; transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase signaling pathway