RFA2 As part of the heterotrimeric replication protein A complex (RPA/RP-A), binds and stabilizes single-stranded DNA intermediates, that form during DNA replication or upon DNA stress. It prevents their reannealing and in parallel, recruits and activates different proteins and complexes involved in DNA metabolism. Thereby, it plays an essential role both in DNA replication and the cellular response to DNA damage. In the cellular response to DNA damage, the RPA complex controls DNA repair and DNA damage checkpoint activation. Through recruitment of ATRIP activates the ATR kinase a master regulator of the DNA damage response. It is required for the recruitment of the DNA double-strand break repair factors RAD51 and RAD52 to chromatin in response to DNA damage. Also recruits to sites of DNA damage proteins like XPA and XPG that are involved in nucleotide excision repair and is required for this mechanism of DNA repair. Plays also a role in base excision repair (BER) probably through interaction with UNG. Also recruits SMARCAL1/HARP, which is involved in replication fork restart, to sites of DNA damage. May also play a role in telomere maintenance. Belongs to the replication factor A protein 2 family. 3 alternatively spliced human isoforms have been reported. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: DNA replication
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 4|4 D2.3
Cellular Component:  chromatin; chromosome, telomeric region; DNA replication factor A complex; nuclear body; nucleoplasm; nucleus; PML body; site of double-strand break
Molecular Function:  damaged DNA binding; DNA binding; enzyme binding; G-rich strand telomeric DNA binding; protein binding; protein N-terminus binding; protein phosphatase binding; single-stranded DNA binding; ubiquitin protein ligase binding
Biological Process:  base-excision repair; cellular response to DNA damage stimulus; DNA recombination; DNA repair; DNA replication; double-strand break repair via homologous recombination; mismatch repair; mitotic G1 DNA damage checkpoint; nucleotide-excision repair; protein localization to chromosome; regulation of DNA damage checkpoint; regulation of double-strand break repair via homologous recombination; telomere maintenance
Reference #:  Q62193 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: 30-kDa protein; AA409079; AI325195; AU020965; OTTMUSP00000010552; Replication factor A protein 2; Replication protein A 32 kDa subunit; Replication protein A 34 kDa subunit; replication protein A2; Rf-; RF-A protein 2; Rf-A2; RFA2; RP-A p32; RP-A p34; Rpa2; Rpa34
Gene Symbols: Rpa2
Molecular weight: 29,718 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.75  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Protein-Specific Antibodies, siRNAs or Recombinant Proteins from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Protein Structure Not Found.

Cross-references to other databases:  STRING  |  Reactome  |  BioGPS  |  Pfam  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  Ensembl Gene