SNCA a member of the synuclein family that is abundantly expressed in the brain. Inhibits phospholipase D2 selectively. May integrate presynaptic signaling and membrane trafficking. Aggregated forms of the protein are implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. A major component of amyloid plaques in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease. Three alternatively spliced human isoforms have been identified. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Adaptor/scaffold
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 6 B3|6 29.15 cM
Cellular Component:  actin cytoskeleton; axon; axon terminus; cell cortex; cell junction; cytoplasm; cytoplasmic vesicle membrane; cytoskeleton; cytosol; extracellular region; extracellular space; Golgi apparatus; growth cone; inclusion body; intracellular membrane-bounded organelle; membrane; mitochondrial inner membrane; mitochondrial intermembrane space; mitochondrial matrix; mitochondrial outer membrane; mitochondrion; neuronal cell body; nuclear outer membrane; nucleus; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; plasma membrane; presynapse; ribosome; rough endoplasmic reticulum; supramolecular fiber; synapse; synaptic vesicle; synaptic vesicle membrane; terminal bouton
Molecular Function:  actin binding; alpha-tubulin binding; arachidonic acid binding; beta-tubulin binding; calcium ion binding; copper ion binding; cuprous ion binding; cysteine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity involved in apoptotic process; dynein complex binding; enzyme binding; ferrous iron binding; histone binding; Hsp70 protein binding; identical protein binding; kinesin binding; magnesium ion binding; metal ion binding; microtubule binding; oxidoreductase activity; phospholipase binding; phospholipid binding; phosphoprotein binding; protein binding; protein domain specific binding; protein N-terminus binding; SNARE binding; tau protein binding; zinc ion binding
Biological Process:  activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process; adult locomotory behavior; behavioral response to cocaine; cellular response to copper ion; cellular response to oxidative stress; chemical synaptic transmission; dopamine biosynthetic process; dopamine metabolic process; excitatory postsynaptic potential; fatty acid metabolic process; long-term synaptic potentiation; membrane organization; microglial cell activation; mitochondrial ATP synthesis coupled electron transport; mitochondrial membrane organization; negative regulation of apoptotic process; negative regulation of chaperone-mediated autophagy; negative regulation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process; negative regulation of dopamine metabolic process; negative regulation of dopamine uptake involved in synaptic transmission; negative regulation of exocytosis; negative regulation of histone acetylation; negative regulation of microtubule polymerization; negative regulation of monooxygenase activity; negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process; negative regulation of neuron death; negative regulation of norepinephrine uptake; negative regulation of platelet-derived growth factor receptor signaling pathway; negative regulation of protein phosphorylation; negative regulation of serotonin uptake; negative regulation of thrombin-activated receptor signaling pathway; negative regulation of transporter activity; neutral lipid metabolic process; oxidation-reduction process; phospholipid metabolic process; positive regulation of endocytosis; positive regulation of exocytosis; positive regulation of glutathione peroxidase activity; positive regulation of hydrogen peroxide catabolic process; positive regulation of inflammatory response; positive regulation of inositol phosphate biosynthetic process; positive regulation of neuron death; positive regulation of neurotransmitter secretion; positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; positive regulation of protein serine/threonine kinase activity; positive regulation of receptor recycling; positive regulation of release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol; positive regulation of synaptic transmission; protein complex oligomerization; protein destabilization; protein tetramerization; receptor internalization; regulation of acyl-CoA biosynthetic process; regulation of dopamine secretion; regulation of glutamate secretion; regulation of locomotion; regulation of long-term neuronal synaptic plasticity; regulation of macrophage activation; regulation of neuron death; regulation of neuronal synaptic plasticity; regulation of neurotransmitter secretion; regulation of norepinephrine uptake; regulation of phospholipase activity; regulation of presynapse assembly; regulation of reactive oxygen species metabolic process; regulation of transmembrane transporter activity; response to drug; response to interferon-gamma; response to interleukin-1; response to iron(II) ion; response to lipopolysaccharide; response to magnesium ion; SNARE complex assembly; synapse organization; synaptic transmission, dopaminergic; synaptic vesicle endocytosis; synaptic vesicle exocytosis; synaptic vesicle priming; synaptic vesicle transport
Reference #:  O55042 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: alpha SYN; Alpha-synuclein; alphaSYN; NACP; Non-A beta component of AD amyloid; non-A4 component of amyloid; Non-A4 component of amyloid precursor; Snca; Syn; synuclein, alpha; SYUA
Gene Symbols: Snca
Molecular weight: 14,485 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 4.74  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Parkinson's Disease
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Protein Structure Not Found.

Cross-references to other databases:  STRING  |  Reactome  |  BioGPS  |  Pfam  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  Ensembl Gene