NTE Phospholipase B that deacylates intracellular phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho), generating glycerophosphocholine (GroPtdCho). This deacylation occurs at both sn-2 and sn-1 positions of PtdCho. Its specific chemical modification by certain organophosphorus (OP) compounds leads to distal axonopathy. Defects in PNPLA6 are the cause of spastic paraplegia autosomal recessive type 39 (SPG39); also known as NTE-related motor neuron disorder (NTEMND). Spastic paraplegia is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Rate of progression and the severity of symptoms are quite variable. Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking. In some forms of the disorder, bladder symptoms (such as incontinence) may appear, or the weakness and stiffness may spread to other parts of the body. SPG39 is associated with a motor axonopathy affecting upper and lower limbs and resulting in progressive wasting of distal upper and lower extremity muscles. Belongs to the NTE family. 3 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC; Hydrolase; Membrane protein, integral
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 8 A1.1|8 1.92 cM
Cellular Component:  endoplasmic reticulum; integral component of membrane; membrane
Molecular Function:  carboxylic ester hydrolase activity; hydrolase activity; lysophospholipase activity
Biological Process:  angiogenesis; animal organ morphogenesis; lipid catabolic process; lipid metabolic process; phosphatidylcholine metabolic process
Reference #:  Q3TRM4 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: AI661849; MSws; Neuropathy target esterase; Nte; patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 6; Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 6; PLPL6; Pnpla6; Swiss cheese; Swiss-cheese
Gene Symbols: Pnpla6
Molecular weight: 149,537 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.03  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Select Structure to View Below


Protein Structure Not Found.

Cross-references to other databases:  STRING  |  BioGPS  |  Pfam  |  ENZYME  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  Ensembl Gene