CK1D Essential serine/threonine-protein kinase that regulates diverse cellular growth and survival processes including Wnt signaling, DNA repair and circadian rhythms. It can phosphorylate a large number of proteins. Casein kinases are operationally defined by their preferential utilization of acidic proteins such as caseins as substrates. Phosphorylates connexin-43/GJA1, MAP1A, SNAPIN, MAPT/TAU, TOP2A, DCK, HIF1A, EIF6, p53/TP53, DVL2, DVL3, ESR1, AIB1/NCOA3, DNMT1, PKD2, YAP1, PER1 and PER2. Central component of the circadian clock. In balance with PP1, determines the circadian period length through the regulation of the speed and rhythmicity of PER1 and PER2 phosphorylation. Controls PER1 and PER2 nuclear transport and degradation. YAP1 phosphorylation promotes its SCF(beta-TRCP) E3 ubiquitin ligase-mediated ubiquitination and subsequent degradation. DNMT1 phosphorylation reduces its DNA-binding activity. Phosphorylation of ESR1 and AIB1/NCOA3 stimulates their activity and coactivation. Phosphorylation of DVL2 and DVL3 regulates WNT3A signaling pathway that controls neurite outgrowth. EIF6 phosphorylation promotes its nuclear export. Triggers down-regulation of dopamine receptors in the forebrain. Activates DCK in vitro by phosphorylation. TOP2A phosphorylation favors DNA cleavable complex formation. May regulate the formation of the mitotic spindle apparatus in extravillous trophoblast. Modulates connexin-43/GJA1 gap junction assembly by phosphorylation. Probably involved in lymphocyte physiology. Regulates fast synaptic transmission mediated by glutamate. Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CK1 Ser/Thr protein kinase family. Casein kinase I subfamily. Expressed in all tissues examined, including brain, heart, lung, liver, pancreas, kidney, placenta and skeletal muscle. However, kinase activity is not uniform, with highest kinase activity in splenocytes. In blood, highly expressed in hemopoietic cells and mature granulocytes. Also found in monocytes and lymphocytes. 2 alternatively spliced human isoforms have been reported. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: CK1 group; CK1 family; EC 2.7.11.1; EC 2.7.11.26; Kinase, protein; Protein kinase, CK1; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor)
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 11|11 E2
Cellular Component:  centrosome; cytoplasm; cytoskeleton; Golgi apparatus; membrane; neuron projection; nucleus; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; plasma membrane; spindle; spindle microtubule
Molecular Function:  ATP binding; kinase activity; nucleotide binding; protein binding; protein kinase activity; protein serine/threonine kinase activity; tau-protein kinase activity; transferase activity
Biological Process:  circadian regulation of gene expression; Golgi organization; microtubule nucleation; non-motile cilium assembly; peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; peptidyl-threonine phosphorylation; phosphorylation; positive regulation of canonical Wnt signaling pathway; positive regulation of non-canonical Wnt signaling pathway; positive regulation of proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; positive regulation of protein phosphorylation; positive regulation of Wnt signaling pathway; positive regulation of Wnt-mediated midbrain dopaminergic neuron differentiation; protein localization to centrosome; protein localization to cilium; protein localization to Golgi apparatus; protein phosphorylation; regulation of circadian rhythm; rhythmic process; spindle assembly; Wnt signaling pathway
Reference #:  Q9DC28 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: 1200006A05Rik; AA409348; casein kinase 1, delta; casein kinase I; Casein kinase I isoform delta; CK1D; CKI-delta; CKId; Csnk1d; D930010H05Rik; Hckid; KC1D; OTTMUSP00000004584; OTTMUSP00000004585; Tau-protein kinase CSNK1D
Gene Symbols: Csnk1d
Molecular weight: 47,316 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 9.77  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Hedgehog Signaling  |  Hippo Signaling
Protein-Specific Antibodies, siRNAs or Recombinant Proteins from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
Select Structure to View Below

CK1D

Protein Structure Not Found.


Substrate Sequence Logo
Open Substrate Page

Cross-references to other databases:  STRING  |  Reactome  |  BioGPS  |  KinBase  |  Pfam  |  RCSB PDB  |  ENZYME  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  Ensembl Gene