NIPBL Plays an important role in the loading of the cohesin complex on to DNA. Forms a heterodimeric complex (also known as cohesin loading complex) with MAU2/SCC4 which mediates the loading of the cohesin complex onto chromatin. Plays a role in cohesin loading at sites of DNA damage. Its recruitement to double-strand breaks (DSBs) sites occurs in a CBX3-, RNF8- and RNF168-dependent manner whereas its recruitement to UV irradiation-induced DNA damage sites occurs in a ATM-, ATR-, RNF8- and RNF168-dependent manner. Along with ZNF609, promotes cortical neuron migration during brain development by regulating the transcription of crucial genes in this process. Preferentially binds promoters containing paused RNA polymerase II. Up-regulates the expression of SEMA3A, NRP1, PLXND1 and GABBR2 genes, among others. Belongs to the SCC2/Nipped-B family. Widely expressed. Highly expressed in heart, skeletal muscle, fetal and adult liver, fetal and adult kidney. Expressed at intermediates level in thymus, placenta, peripheral leukocyte and small intestine. Weakly or not expressed in brain, colon, spleen and lung. 3 alternatively spliced human isoforms have been reported. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: DNA-binding
Chromosomal Location of mouse Ortholog: 15|15 A1
Cellular Component:  chromatin; chromosome; cytosol; integrator complex; intracellular membrane-bounded organelle; nucleoplasm; nucleus; Scc2-Scc4 cohesin loading complex; SMC loading complex
Molecular Function:  chromatin binding; chromo shadow domain binding; cohesin loader activity; histone deacetylase binding; mediator complex binding; promoter-specific chromatin binding; protein binding
Biological Process:  brain development; cell cycle; cellular response to X-ray; cognition; developmental growth; digestive tract development; DNA damage response; ear morphogenesis; embryonic cranial skeleton morphogenesis; embryonic digestive tract morphogenesis; embryonic forelimb morphogenesis; embryonic viscerocranium morphogenesis; establishment of mitotic sister chromatid cohesion; establishment of protein localization to chromatin; external genitalia morphogenesis; eye morphogenesis; face morphogenesis; fat cell differentiation; forelimb morphogenesis; gallbladder development; heart development; heart morphogenesis; maintenance of mitotic sister chromatid cohesion; mitotic cohesin loading; mitotic sister chromatid cohesion; mitotic sister chromatid segregation; multicellular organism development; negative regulation of DNA-templated transcription; negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II; outflow tract morphogenesis; positive regulation of histone deacetylation; positive regulation of multicellular organism growth; positive regulation of neuron migration; positive regulation of ossification; positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II; protein localization; regulation of developmental growth; regulation of embryonic development; regulation of gene expression; regulation of hair cycle; regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II; replication-born double-strand break repair via sister chromatid exchange; sensory perception of sound; somatic stem cell population maintenance; uterus morphogenesis
Reference #:  Q6KCD5 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: 4921518A06Rik; 4933421G18Rik; C79399; Delangin homolog; Idn3; Nipbl; NIPBL cohesin loading factor; Nipped-B homolog; Nipped-B homolog (Drosophila); Nipped-B-like protein; Scc2; SCC2 homolog
Gene Symbols: Nipbl
Molecular weight: 315,450 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.09  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Select Structure to View Below


Protein Structure Not Found.

Cross-references to other databases:  STRING  |  Reactome  |  BioGPS  |  Pfam  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  GenPept  |  Ensembl Gene  |  Ensembl Protein