FDPS Key enzyme in isoprenoid biosynthesis which catalyzes the formation of farnesyl diphosphate (FPP), a precursor for several classes of essential metabolites including sterols, dolichols, carotenoids, and ubiquinones. FPP also serves as substrate for protein farnesylation and geranylgeranylation. Catalyzes the sequential condensation of isopentenyl pyrophosphate with the allylic pyrophosphates, dimethylallyl pyrophosphate, and then with the resultant geranylpyrophosphate to the ultimate product farnesyl pyrophosphate. Belongs to the FPP/GGPP synthase family. 2 alternatively spliced human isoforms have been reported. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC; EC; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Secondary Metabolites Metabolism - terpenoid backbone biosynthesis; Transferase
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 1q22
Cellular Component:  cytosol; nucleoplasm
Molecular Function:  metal ion binding
Biological Process:  cholesterol biosynthetic process; farnesyl diphosphate biosynthetic process; geranyl diphosphate biosynthetic process; regulation of cholesterol biosynthetic process; viral process
Disease: Porokeratosis 9, Multiple Types
Reference #:  P14324 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate synthase; Dimethylallyltranstransferase; Farnesyl diphosphate synthase; farnesyl diphosphate synthase (farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase, dimethylallyltranstransferase, geranyltranstransferase); Farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase; farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase; farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase, dimethylallyltranstransferase, geranyltranstransferase; FDPS; FPP synthase; FPP synthetase; FPPS; FPS; Geranyltranstransferase; KIAA1293; POROK9
Gene Symbols: FDPS
Molecular weight: 48,275 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.83  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Select Structure to View Below


Protein Structure Not Found.

Cross-references to other databases:  STRING  |  cBioPortal  |  Wikipedia  |  Reactome  |  neXtProt  |  Protein Atlas  |  BioGPS  |  Pfam  |  RCSB PDB  |  ENZYME  |  Phospho3D  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  GeneCards  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  GenPept  |  Ensembl Gene