RAB10 The small GTPases Rab are key regulators of intracellular membrane trafficking, from the formation of transport vesicles to their fusion with membranes. Rabs cycle between an inactive GDP-bound form and an active GTP-bound form that is able to recruit to membranes different set of downstream effectors directly responsible for vesicle formation, movement, tethering and fusion. That Rab is mainly involved in the biosynthetic transport of proteins from the Golgi to the plasma membrane. Regulates, for instance, SLC2A4/GLUT4 glucose transporter-enriched vesicles delivery to the plasma membrane. In parallel, it regulates the transport of TLR4, a toll-like receptor to the plasma membrane and therefore may be important for innate immune response. Plays also a specific role in asymmetric protein transport to the plasma membrane within the polarized neuron and epithelial cells. In neurons, it is involved in axonogenesis through regulation of vesicular membrane trafficking toward the axonal plasma membrane while in epithelial cells, it regulates transport from the Golgi to the basolateral membrane. Moreover, may play a role in the basolateral recycling pathway and in phagosome maturation. According to PubMed:23263280, may play a role in endoplasmic reticulum dynamics and morphology controlling tubulation along microtubules and tubules fusion. Belongs to the small GTPase superfamily. Rab family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: G protein; G protein, monomeric; G protein, monomeric, Rab
Chromosomal Location of mouse Ortholog: 12 A1.1|12 1.71 cM
Cellular Component:  cell projection; cilium; cytoplasm; cytoplasmic vesicle; cytoplasmic vesicle membrane; cytoskeleton; endoplasmic reticulum; endoplasmic reticulum membrane; endoplasmic reticulum tubular network; endosome; exocytic vesicle; Golgi apparatus; insulin-responsive compartment; intracellular membrane-bounded organelle; membrane; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; plasma membrane; recycling endosome; synaptic vesicle; trans-Golgi network
Molecular Function:  G protein activity; GDP binding; GDP-dissociation inhibitor binding; GTP binding; GTPase activity; hydrolase activity; myosin V binding; nucleotide binding; protein binding
Biological Process:  antigen processing and presentation; axonogenesis; cellular response to insulin stimulus; endoplasmic reticulum tubular network organization; endosomal transport; establishment of neuroblast polarity; establishment of protein localization to endoplasmic reticulum membrane; establishment of protein localization to membrane; Golgi to plasma membrane transport; intracellular protein transport; protein localization to plasma membrane; protein secretion; protein transport; regulated exocytosis; regulation of exocytosis; vesicle docking involved in exocytosis; vesicle-mediated transport
Reference #:  P61027 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: AW107754; Rab10; RAB10, member RAS oncogene family; Ras-related protein Rab-10
Gene Symbols: Rab10
Molecular weight: 22,541 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.58  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Protein-Specific Antibodies, siRNAs or Recombinant Proteins from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Protein Structure Not Found.

Cross-references to other databases:  AlphaFold  |  STRING  |  Reactome  |  BioGPS  |  Pfam  |  Phospho.ELM  |  NetworKIN  |  UniProtKB  |  Entrez-Gene  |  Ensembl Gene