Curated Information
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Home > Curated Information Page > PubMed Id: 23157378
Chai GS, et al. (2013) Betaine attenuates Alzheimer-like pathological changes and memory deficits induced by homocysteine. J Neurochem 124, 388-96 23157378
This page summarizes selected information from the record referenced above and curated into PhosphoSitePlus®, a comprehensive online resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (NAR, 2015, 43:D512-20). To learn more about the scope of PhosphoSitePlus®, click here.
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Y307-p - PPP2CA (rat)
Modsite: VTRRTPDyFl_____ SwissProt Entrez-Gene
Orthologous residues
PPP2CA (human): Y307‑p, PPP2CA iso2 (human): Y253‑p, PPP2CA (mouse): Y307‑p, PPP2CA (rat): Y307‑p, PPP2CA (pig): Y307‑p, PPP2CA (cow): Y307‑p
Characterization
Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  'brain, hippocampus'
Cellular systems studied:  tissue
Species studied:  rat
Upstream Regulation
Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
homocysteine increase

L309-me - PPP2CA (rat)
Modsite: RRTPDyFl_______ SwissProt Entrez-Gene
Orthologous residues
PPP2CA (human): L309‑me, PPP2CA iso2 (human): L255‑me, PPP2CA (mouse): L309‑me, PPP2CA (rat): L309‑me, PPP2CA (pig): L309‑me, PPP2CA (cow): L309‑me
Characterization
Methods used to characterize site in vivo modification-specific antibody, western blotting
Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  'brain, hippocampus'
Cellular systems studied:  tissue
Species studied:  rat
Upstream Regulation
Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
homocysteine increase

S62-p - SYN1 (rat)
Modsite: stAAPVAsPAAPsPG SwissProt Entrez-Gene
Orthologous residues
SYN1 (human): S62‑p, SYN1 iso2 (human): S62‑p, SYN1 (mouse): S62‑p, SYN1 iso1 (mouse): S62‑p, SYN1 iso3 (mouse): S62‑p, SYN1 (rat): S62‑p, SYN1 (cow): S62‑p
Characterization
Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  'brain, hippocampus'
Cellular systems studied:  tissue
Species studied:  rat
Upstream Regulation
Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
homocysteine decrease

S67-p - SYN1 (rat)
Modsite: VAsPAAPsPGSSGGG SwissProt Entrez-Gene
Orthologous residues
SYN1 (human): S67‑p, SYN1 iso2 (human): S67‑p, SYN1 (mouse): S67‑p, SYN1 iso1 (mouse): S67‑p, SYN1 iso3 (mouse): S67‑p, SYN1 (rat): S67‑p, SYN1 (cow): S67‑p
Characterization
Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  'brain, hippocampus'
Cellular systems studied:  tissue
Species studied:  rat
Upstream Regulation
Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
homocysteine decrease

T516-p - Tau (rat)
Modsite: ssPGsPGtPGsRSRt SwissProt Entrez-Gene
Orthologous residues
Tau (human): T522‑p, Tau iso2 (human): T147‑p, Tau iso3 (human): T111‑p, Tau iso4 (human): T176‑p, Tau iso5 (human): T205‑p, Tau iso6 (human): T147‑p, Tau iso7 (human): T176‑p, Tau iso8 (human): T205‑p, Tau (mouse): T497‑p, Tau iso3 (mouse): T194‑p, Tau iso7 (mouse): T154‑p, Tau (rat): T516‑p, Tau (cow): T212‑p
Characterization
Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  'brain, hippocampus'
Cellular systems studied:  tissue
Species studied:  rat
Upstream Regulation
Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
homocysteine increase

S525-p - Tau (rat)
Modsite: GsRSRtPsLPtPPTR SwissProt Entrez-Gene
Orthologous residues
Tau (human): S531‑p, Tau iso2 (human): S156‑p, Tau iso3 (human): S120‑p, Tau iso4 (human): S185‑p, Tau iso5 (human): S214‑p, Tau iso6 (human): S156‑p, Tau iso7 (human): S185‑p, Tau iso8 (human): S214‑p, Tau (mouse): S506‑p, Tau iso3 (mouse): S203‑p, Tau iso7 (mouse): S163‑p, Tau (rat): S525‑p, Tau (cow): S221‑p
Characterization
Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  'brain, hippocampus'
Cellular systems studied:  tissue
Species studied:  rat
Upstream Regulation
Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
homocysteine increase

T542-p - Tau (rat)
Modsite: KKVAVVRtPPKsPSA SwissProt Entrez-Gene
Orthologous residues
Tau (human): T548‑p, Tau iso2 (human): T173‑p, Tau iso3 (human): T137‑p, Tau iso4 (human): T202‑p, Tau iso5 (human): T231‑p, Tau iso6 (human): T173‑p, Tau iso7 (human): T202‑p, Tau iso8 (human): T231‑p, Tau (mouse): T523‑p, Tau iso3 (mouse): T220‑p, Tau iso7 (mouse): T180‑p, Tau (rat): T542‑p, Tau (cow): T238‑p
Characterization
Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  'brain, hippocampus'
Cellular systems studied:  tissue
Species studied:  rat
Upstream Regulation
Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
homocysteine increase

S573-p - Tau (rat)
Modsite: NVRSKIGsTENLKHQ SwissProt Entrez-Gene
Orthologous residues
Tau (human): S579‑p, Tau iso2 (human): S204‑p, Tau iso3 (human): S168‑p, Tau iso4 (human): S233‑p, Tau iso5 (human): S262‑p, Tau iso6 (human): S204‑p, Tau iso7 (human): S233‑p, Tau iso8 (human): S262‑p, Tau (mouse): S554‑p, Tau iso3 (mouse): S251‑p, Tau iso7 (mouse): S211‑p, Tau (rat): S573‑p, Tau (cow): S269‑p
Characterization
Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  'brain, hippocampus'
Cellular systems studied:  tissue
Species studied:  rat
Upstream Regulation
Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
homocysteine increase

S707-p - Tau (rat)
Modsite: GAEIVyKsPVVsGDt SwissProt Entrez-Gene
Orthologous residues
Tau (human): S713‑p, Tau iso2 (human): S307‑p, Tau iso3 (human): S271‑p, Tau iso4 (human): S336‑p, Tau iso5 (human): S365‑p, Tau iso6 (human): S338‑p, Tau iso7 (human): S367‑p, Tau iso8 (human): S396‑p, Tau (mouse): S688‑p, Tau iso3 (mouse): S385‑p, Tau iso7 (mouse): S345‑p, Tau (rat): S707‑p, Tau (cow): S403‑p
Characterization
Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  'brain, hippocampus'
Cellular systems studied:  tissue
Species studied:  rat
Upstream Regulation
Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
homocysteine increase