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Protein Page:
ABCC9 (human)

ABCC9 Subunit of ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP). Can form cardiac and smooth muscle-type KATP channels with KCNJ11. KCNJ11 forms the channel pore while ABCC9 is required for activation and regulation. Defects in ABCC9 are the cause of cardiomyopathy dilated type 1O (CMD1O); also known as dilated cardiomyopathy with ventricular tachycardia. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death. Defects in ABCC9 are the cause of familial atrial fibrillation type 12 (ATFB12). ATFB12 is a familial form of atrial fibrillation, a common sustained cardiac rhythm disturbance. Atrial fibrillation is characterized by disorganized atrial electrical activity and ineffective atrial contraction promoting blood stasis in the atria and reduces ventricular filling. It can result in palpitations, syncope, thromboembolic stroke, and congestive heart failure. Defects in ABCC9 are the cause of hypertrichotic osteochondrodysplasia (HTOCD). A rare disorder characterized by congenital hypertrichosis, neonatal macrosomia, a distinct osteochondrodysplasia, and cardiomegaly. The hypertrichosis leads to thick scalp hair, which extends onto the forehead, and a general increase in body hair. In addition, macrocephaly and coarse facial features, including a broad nasal bridge, epicanthal folds, a wide mouth, and full lips, can be suggestive of a storage disorder. About half of affected individuals are macrosomic and edematous at birth, whereas in childhood they usually have a muscular appearance with little subcutaneous fat. Thickened calvarium, narrow thorax, wide ribs, flattened or ovoid vertebral bodies, coxa valga, osteopenia, enlarged medullary canals, and metaphyseal widening of long bones have been reported. Cardiac manifestations such as patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular hypertrophy, pulmonary hypertension, and pericardial effusions are present in approximately 80% of cases. Motor development is usually delayed due to hypotonia. Most patients have a mild speech delay, and a small percentage have learning difficulties or intellectual disability. Belongs to the ABC transporter superfamily. ABCC family. Conjugate transporter (TC 3.A.1.208) subfamily. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Channel, potassium; Membrane protein, integral; Membrane protein, multi-pass; Transporter; Transporter, ABC family
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 12p12.1
Cellular Component: ATP-sensitive potassium channel complex; plasma membrane; voltage-gated potassium channel complex
Molecular Function: anion transmembrane-transporting ATPase activity; potassium channel regulator activity; sulfonylurea receptor activity; transporter activity
Biological Process: defense response to virus; potassium ion import; potassium ion transport; transmembrane transport
Disease: Atrial Fibrillation, Familial, 12; Cantu Syndrome; Cardiomyopathy, Dilated, 1o
Reference #:  O60706 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: ABC37; ABCC9; ATP-binding cassette sub-family C member 9; ATP-binding cassette transporter sub-family C member 9; ATP-binding cassette, sub-family C (CFTR/MRP), member 9; CMD1O; FLJ36852; Sulfonylurea receptor 2; sulfonylurea receptor 2A; SUR2
Gene Symbols: ABCC9
Molecular weight: 174,224 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 7.05  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
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Protein Structure Not Found.

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