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Protein Page:
TGFB1 (human)
p Phosphorylation
ac Acetylation
me Methylation
m1 Mono-methylation
m2 Di-methylation
m3 Tri-methylation
ub Ubiquitylation
sm Sumoylation
ne Neddylation
gl O-GlcNAc
ga O-GalNAc
pa Palmitoylation
ad Adenylation
sn S-Nitrosylation
ca Caspase cleavage
sc Succinylation

TGFB1 Multifunctional protein that controls proliferation, differentiation and other functions in many cell types. Many cells synthesize TGFB1 and have specific receptors for it. It positively and negatively regulates many other growth factors. It plays an important role in bone remodeling as it is a potent stimulator of osteoblastic bone formation, causing chemotaxis, proliferation and differentiation in committed osteoblasts. Homodimer; disulfide-linked, or heterodimer with TGFB2. Secreted and stored as a biologically inactive form in the extracellular matrix in a 290 kDa complex (large latent TGF-beta1 complex) containing the TGFB1 homodimer, the latency-associated peptide (LAP), and the latent TGFB1 binding protein-1 (LTBP1). The complex without LTBP1 is known as the'small latent TGF-beta1 complex'. Dissociation of the TGFB1 from LAP is required for growth factor activation and biological activity. Release of the large latent TGF-beta1 complex from the extracellular matrix is carried out by the matrix metalloproteinase MMP3. May interact with THSD4; this interaction may lead to sequestration by FBN1 microfibril assembly and attenuation of TGFB signaling. Interacts with the serine proteases, HTRA1 and HTRA3: the interaction with either inhibits TGFB1-mediated signaling. The HTRA protease activity is required for this inhibition. Interacts with CD109, DPT and ASPN. Activated in vitro at pH below 3.5 and over 12.5. Highly expressed in bone. Abundantly expressed in articular cartilage and chondrocytes and is increased in osteoarthritis (OA). Co-localizes with ASPN in chondrocytes within OA lesions of articular cartilage. Belongs to the TGF-beta family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Secreted, signal peptide; Secreted; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 19q13.1
Cellular Component: axon; cell soma; cell surface; cytoplasm; extracellular region; extracellular space; Golgi lumen; microvillus; nucleus; plasma membrane; proteinaceous extracellular matrix
Molecular Function: antigen binding; cytokine activity; enzyme binding; glycoprotein binding; growth factor activity; protein binding; protein heterodimerization activity; protein homodimerization activity; protein N-terminus binding; protein serine/threonine kinase activator activity; punt binding
Biological Process: activation of NF-kappaB transcription factor; active induction of host immune response by virus; adaptive immune response based on somatic recombination of immune receptors built from immunoglobulin superfamily domains; aging; ATP biosynthetic process; blood coagulation; cell cycle arrest; cell development; cell growth; cell migration; cellular calcium ion homeostasis; chondrocyte differentiation; common-partner SMAD protein phosphorylation; connective tissue replacement during inflammatory response; defense response to fungus, incompatible interaction; endoderm development; epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway; epithelial to mesenchymal transition; evasion of host defenses by virus; extracellular matrix organization and biogenesis; female pregnancy; germ cell migration; gut development; hemopoietic progenitor cell differentiation; hyaluronan catabolic process; inflammatory response; inner ear development; intercellular junction assembly and maintenance; lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway; lymph node development; MAPKKK cascade; mitotic cell cycle checkpoint; mononuclear cell proliferation; myelination; myeloid dendritic cell differentiation; negative regulation of blood vessel endothelial cell migration; negative regulation of cell cycle; negative regulation of cell differentiation; negative regulation of cell growth; negative regulation of cell proliferation; negative regulation of cell-cell adhesion; negative regulation of DNA replication; negative regulation of epithelial cell proliferation; negative regulation of fat cell differentiation; negative regulation of interleukin-17 production; negative regulation of mitotic cell cycle; negative regulation of myoblast differentiation; negative regulation of neuroblast proliferation; negative regulation of ossification; negative regulation of phagocytosis; negative regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; negative regulation of release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol; negative regulation of skeletal muscle development; negative regulation of T cell proliferation; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; negative regulation of transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway; Notch signaling pathway; oligodendrocyte development; organ regeneration; phosphate metabolic process; platelet activation; platelet degranulation; positive regulation of apoptosis; positive regulation of blood vessel endothelial cell migration; positive regulation of bone mineralization; positive regulation of cell migration; positive regulation of cell proliferation; positive regulation of cellular protein metabolic process; positive regulation of chemotaxis; positive regulation of collagen biosynthetic process; positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation; positive regulation of exit from mitosis; positive regulation of fibroblast proliferation; positive regulation of histone acetylation; positive regulation of histone deacetylation; positive regulation of interleukin-17 production; positive regulation of isotype switching to IgA isotypes; positive regulation of MAP kinase activity; positive regulation of odontogenesis; positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation; positive regulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activity; positive regulation of protein amino acid dephosphorylation; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; positive regulation of protein complex assembly; positive regulation of protein import into nucleus; positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade; positive regulation of protein secretion; positive regulation of regulatory T cell differentiation; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell differentiation; positive regulation of superoxide release; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; positive regulation of vascular permeability; protein amino acid phosphorylation; protein export from nucleus; protein import into nucleus, translocation; protein kinase B signaling cascade; receptor catabolic process; regulation of apoptosis; regulation of binding; regulation of cell migration; regulation of DNA binding; regulation of interleukin-23 production; regulation of protein import into nucleus; regulation of sodium ion transport; regulation of striated muscle development; regulation of transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway; regulatory T cell differentiation; response to drug; response to estradiol stimulus; response to glucose stimulus; response to hypoxia; response to progesterone stimulus; response to radiation; response to vitamin D; response to wounding; salivary gland morphogenesis; SMAD protein complex assembly; SMAD protein nuclear translocation; T cell homeostasis; tolerance induction to self antigen; transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway; ureteric bud development; viral infectious cycle; virus-host interaction
Disease: Camurati-engelmann Disease; Cystic Fibrosis
Reference #:  P01137 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: CED; DPD1; LAP; Latency-associated peptide; TGF-beta 1 protein; TGF-beta-1; TGFB; TGFB1; TGFbeta; Transforming growth factor beta-1; transforming growth factor, beta 1
Gene Symbols: TGFB1
Molecular weight: 44,341 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.83  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Regulation of P38 MAPKs  |  Wnt/ß-Catenin Signaling
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Protein Structure Not Found.

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Modification Sites and Domains Show Modification Legend
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Modification Sites in Parent Protein, Orthologs, and Isoforms Show Modification Legend

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LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.


HTP: The number of records in which this modification site was assigned using ONLY proteomic discovery-mode mass spectrometry.



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