Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling. The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA. During nucleosome assembly the chaperone ASF1A interacts with the histone H3-H4 heterodimer. Belongs to the histone H3 family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Molecular Function: DNA binding; histone binding; protein binding; protein heterodimerization activity
Biological Process: blood coagulation; cellular protein metabolic process; chromatin silencing at rDNA; DNA methylation on cytosine; gene expression; negative regulation of gene expression, epigenetic; nucleosome assembly; positive regulation of gene expression, epigenetic; regulation of gene expression, epigenetic; RNA-mediated gene silencing; small GTPase mediated signal transduction
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.