Component of a splicing-dependent multiprotein exon junction complex (EJC) deposited at splice junction on mRNAs. The EJC is a dynamic structure consisting of a few core proteins and several more peripheral nuclear and cytoplasmic associated factors that join the complex only transiently either during EJC assembly or during subsequent mRNA metabolism. Core components of the EJC, that remains bound to spliced mRNAs throughout all stages of mRNA metabolism, functions to mark the position of the exon-exon junction in the mature mRNA and thereby influences downstream processes of gene expression including mRNA splicing, nuclear mRNA export, subcellular mRNA localization, translation efficiency and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). The heterodimer MAGOH-RBM8A interacts with PYM that function to enhance the translation of EJC-bearing spliced mRNAs by recruiting them to the ribosomal 48S preinitiation complex. Remains associated with mRNAs in the cytoplasm until the mRNAs engage the translation machinery. Its removal from cytoplasmic mRNAs requires translation initiation from EJC-bearing spliced mRNAs. Associates preferentially with mRNAs produced by splicing. Does not interact with pre-mRNAs, introns, or mRNAs produced from intronless cDNAs. Associates with both nuclear mRNAs and newly exported cytoplasmic mRNAs. Complex with MAGOH is a component of the nonsense mediated decay (NMD) pathway. Belongs to the RBM8A family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: RNA-binding; RNA splicing; Translation; Spliceosome
Molecular Function: mRNA binding; nucleotide binding; protein binding; RNA binding
Biological Process: gene expression; mRNA 3'-end processing; mRNA catabolic process, nonsense-mediated decay; mRNA export from nucleus; nuclear mRNA splicing, via spliceosome; regulation of alternative nuclear mRNA splicing, via spliceosome; regulation of translation; RNA splicing; termination of RNA polymerase II transcription; transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.