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Protein Page:
Akt1 (human)

Overview
Akt1 an oncogenic AGC kinase that plays a critical role in regulating cell survival and metabolism in many different signaling pathways. Dual phosphorylation is required for its activation. T308 is phosphorylated by PDK1 in the PI3 kinase pathway, and S473 is phosphorylated by mTOR in the mTORC2 pathway. The 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitination of AKT1 by TRAF6 is important for its translocation to the plasma membrane, phosphorylation, and activation. When Akt is fully phosphorylated it translocates into the nucleus, undergoes 'Lys-48'-polyubiquitination catalyzed by TTC3, leading to its proteosomal degradation. Hyperactive or overexpressed in a number of cancers including breast, prostate, lung, pancreatic, liver, ovarian and colorectal. Over 160 protein substrates are known including many that regulate transcription, metabolism, apoptosis, cell cycle, and growth. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: AGC group; AKT family; EC 2.7.11.1; Kinase, protein; Oncoprotein; Protein kinase, AGC; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor)
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 14q32.32
Cellular Component: cytoplasm; cytosol; microtubule cytoskeleton; nucleoplasm; nucleus; plasma membrane; vesicle
Molecular Function: ATP binding; enzyme binding; identical protein binding; kinase activity; nitric-oxide synthase regulator activity; phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-triphosphate binding; phosphatidylinositol-3,4-bisphosphate binding; protein binding; protein kinase activity; protein serine/threonine kinase activity; protein serine/threonine/tyrosine kinase activity
Biological Process: activated T cell apoptosis; cell differentiation; cell proliferation; cellular response to insulin stimulus; endocrine pancreas development; G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway; G1/S-specific positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity; insulin receptor signaling pathway; insulin-like growth factor receptor signaling pathway; negative regulation of apoptosis; negative regulation of autophagy; negative regulation of caspase activity; negative regulation of fatty acid beta-oxidation; negative regulation of protein kinase activity; negative regulation of proteolysis; nitric oxide biosynthetic process; peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; peptidyl-threonine phosphorylation; phosphoinositide-mediated signaling; phosphorylation; platelet activation; positive regulation of blood vessel endothelial cell migration; positive regulation of cell growth; positive regulation of cellular protein metabolic process; positive regulation of endodeoxyribonuclease activity; positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation; positive regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway; positive regulation of fat cell differentiation; positive regulation of glucose import; positive regulation of glycogen biosynthetic process; positive regulation of lipid biosynthetic process; positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process; positive regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activity; positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation; positive regulation of transcription factor activity; protein amino acid autophosphorylation; protein amino acid phosphorylation; protein import into nucleus, translocation; protein modification process; regulation of cell migration; regulation of glycogen biosynthetic process; regulation of mRNA stability; regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activity; regulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase cascade; response to heat; response to oxidative stress; signal transduction; T cell costimulation
Disease: Breast Cancer; Colorectal Cancer; Cowden Syndrome 6; Ovarian Cancer; Proteus Syndrome; Schizophrenia
Reference #:  P31749 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: AKT; AKT1; AKT1 kinase; MGC99656; PKB; PKB-ALPHA; PRKBA; Protein kinase B; Proto-oncogene c-Akt; RAC; rac protein kinase alpha; RAC-ALPHA; RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase; RAC-PK-alpha; v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1
Gene Symbols: AKT1
Molecular weight: 55,686 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.75  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Adherens Junction Dynamics  |  Alzheimer's Disease  |  AMPK Signaling  |  Angiogenesis  |  Apoptosis Regulation  |  B Cell Receptor Signaling  |  ErbB/HER Signaling  |  ESC Pluripotency and Differentiation  |  G1/S Checkpoint  |  IL6 Signaling  |  Inhibition of Apoptosis  |  Microtubule Dynamics  |  Mitochondrial Control of Apoptosis  |  mTOR Signaling  |  NF-kB Signaling  |  PI3K/Akt Signaling  |  Protein Kinase C Signaling  |  T Cell Receptor Signaling  |  TGF-ß Signaling  |  Translation: eIF4E and p70S6K  |  Warburg Effect
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Akt1

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