SOCS family proteins form part of a classical negative feedback system that regulates cytokine signal transduction. SOCS3 is involved in negative regulation of cytokines that signal through the JAK/STAT pathway. Inhibits cytokine signal transduction by binding to tyrosine kinase receptors including gp130, LIF, erythropoietin, insulin, IL12, GCSF and leptin receptors. Binding to JAK2 inhibits its kinase activity. Suppresses fetal liver erythropoiesis. Regulates onset and maintenance of allergic responses mediated by T-helper type 2 cells. Regulates IL-6 signaling in vivo. Probable substrate recognition component of a SCF-like ECS (Elongin BC- CUL2/5-SOCS-box protein) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex which mediates the ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of target proteins. Seems to recognize IL6ST. Interacts with multiple activated proteins of the tyrosine kinase signaling pathway including IGF1 receptor, insulin receptor and JAK2. Binding to JAK2 is mediated through the KIR and SH2 domains to a phosphorylated tyrosine residue within the JAK2 JH1 domain. Binds specific activated tyrosine residues of the leptin, EPO, IL12, GSCF and gp130 receptors. Interaction with CSNK1E stabilizes SOCS3 protein. Component of the probable ECS(SOCS3) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex which contains CUL5, RNF7/RBX2, Elongin BC complex and SOCS3. Interacts with CUL5, RNF7, TCEB1 and TCEB2. Interacts with CUL2. Interacts with FGFR3. Interacts with INSR. Widely expressed with high expression in heart, placenta, skeletal muscle, peripheral blood leukocytes, fetal and adult lung, and fetal liver and kidney. Lower levels in thymus. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Molecular Function: protein binding; protein kinase inhibitor activity
Biological Process: cytokine and chemokine mediated signaling pathway; negative regulation of insulin receptor signaling pathway; negative regulation of JAK-STAT cascade; negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat1 protein; negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein; positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein