Nerve growth factor is important for the development and maintenance of the sympathetic and sensory nervous systems. Extracellular ligand for the NTRK1 and NGFR receptors, activates cellular signaling cascades through those receptor tyrosine kinase to regulate neuronal proliferation, differentiation and survival. Homodimer. Belongs to the NGF-beta family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Molecular Function: growth factor activity; metalloendopeptidase inhibitor activity; nerve growth factor receptor binding; protein binding; receptor signaling protein activity
Biological Process: activation of MAPKK activity; cell-cell signaling; induction of apoptosis via death domain receptors; negative regulation of apoptosis; negative regulation of cell cycle; negative regulation of neuron apoptosis; nerve growth factor processing; nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway; neurite morphogenesis; neuron apoptosis; peripheral nervous system development; phosphoinositide-mediated signaling; phospholipase C activation; positive regulation of apoptosis; positive regulation of axon extension; positive regulation of axonogenesis; positive regulation of collateral sprouting; positive regulation of neuron maturation; positive regulation of protein ubiquitination; Ras protein signal transduction; regulation of axonogenesis; regulation of caspase activity; regulation of neuron differentiation; regulation of neurotransmitter secretion; regulation of release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol; sensory perception of pain; small GTPase mediated signal transduction; transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase signaling pathway
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.