Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as modulators or transducers in various transmembrane signaling systems. Transducin is an amplifier and one of the transducers of a visual impulse that performs the coupling between rhodopsin and cGMP-phosphodiesterase. Defects in GNAT2 are the cause of achromatopsia type 4 (ACHM4). Achromatopsia is an autosomal recessively inherited visual disorder that is present from birth and that features the absence of color discrimination. Belongs to the G-alpha family. G(i/o/t/z) subfamily. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: G protein; G protein, heterotrimeric; G protein, heterotrimeric alpha G((i/o/t/z))
Biological Process: detection of chemical stimulus involved in sensory perception of bitter taste; detection of light stimulus involved in visual perception; G-protein signaling, coupled to cAMP nucleotide second messenger; protein folding; Wnt receptor signaling pathway, calcium modulating pathway