Component of the TFIIH basal transcription factor involved in nucleotide excision repair (NER) of DNA and, when complexed to CAK, in RNA transcription by RNA polymerase II. Necessary for the stability of the TFIIH complex and for the presence of normal levels of TFIIH in the cell. Defects in GTF2H5 are a cause of trichothiodystrophy photosensitive (TTDP). TTDP is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by sulfur-deficient brittle hair and nails, ichthyosis, mental retardation, impaired sexual development, abnormal facies and cutaneous photosensitivity correlated with a nucleotide excision repair (NER) defect. Neonates with trichothiodystrophy and ichthyosis are usually born with a collodion membrane. The severity of the ichthyosis after the membrane is shed is variable, ranging from a mild to severe lamellar ichthyotic phenotype. There are no reports of skin cancer associated with TTDP. Belongs to the TFB5 family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Biological Process: mRNA capping; nucleotide-excision repair; nucleotide-excision repair, DNA duplex unwinding; nucleotide-excision repair, DNA incision; nucleotide-excision repair, DNA incision, 3'-to lesion; nucleotide-excision repair, DNA incision, 5'-to lesion; nucleotide-excision repair, preincision complex assembly; nucleotide-excision repair, preincision complex stabilization; RNA elongation from RNA polymerase I promoter; RNA elongation from RNA polymerase II promoter; termination of RNA polymerase I transcription; transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; transcription initiation from RNA polymerase I promoter; transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter; transcription-coupled nucleotide-excision repair