a G protein-coupled receptor for the lysosphingolipid sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). S1P is a bioactive lysophospholipid that elicits diverse physiological effect on most types of cells and tissues. Highly expressed in endothelial cells and to a lesser extent, in vascular smooth muscle cells, fibroblasts, melanocytes, and cells of epithelioid origin. Suggested to be involved in the processes that regulate the migration/differentiation of endothelial cells. Activation of this receptor induces cell-cell adhesion. S1P-induced endothelial cell migration requires AKT1-mediated phosphorylation of the third intracellular loop. Seems to be coupled to the G(i) subclass of heteromeric G proteins. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: GPCR, family 1; Membrane protein, integral; Membrane protein, multi-pass; Receptor, GPCR
Biological Process: actin cytoskeleton reorganization; angiogenesis; blood vessel maturation; brain development; cell migration; chemotaxis; elevation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration during G-protein signaling, coupled to IP3 second messenger (phospholipase C activating); G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway; G-protein signaling, adenylate cyclase inhibiting pathway; lamellipodium biogenesis; leukocyte chemotaxis; negative regulation of stress fiber formation; positive regulation of cell migration; positive regulation of cell proliferation; positive regulation of GTPase activity; positive regulation of positive chemotaxis; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; regulation of bone mineralization; regulation of bone resorption; regulation of cell adhesion